What is the U5MR? Half of the deaths in the U5MR are a result of . . . ? (1)
Under 5 Mortality Rate: half of these deaths are a result of malnutrition.
Three million children die around the world as a result of . . . ? (0.5)
How many children are involved in armed conflicts around the world? (0.5)
What are the arguments for keeping children under 16 years of age in the army? (1)
The population in Africa is heavily under the age of 18.Epidemic Health Crisis (3.5 marks)
How many people around the world lack clean, safe drinking water? (0.5)
What is the relationship between water and disease? (1)
Water sources such as rivers that supply water for drinking, cooking and bathing are also used fordisposal of human waste.
What is Bilharzia? (0.5)
A waterborne disease in Africa.
How can a person contact AIDS? (0.5)
Sexual activity, blood transfusions, needles, mother-to-child during birth.
What is a pandemic? Why is there so much concern over Africa’s HIV rates?
An epidemic occurring over a large geographic area. The ones dying are often the productiveworkers.Solutions (10 marks)
What is multilateral aid? (0.5)
Aid funded by a number of different governments.
What is the drawback about tied aid? (0.5)
There are conditions attached to it, which usually benefit the countries giving the aid.
What is CIDA? An NGO? (1)
Canadian International Development AgencyNon-Governmental Organization
Is the aid directed by NGOs successful? Explain why or why not. (1)