From the Renaissance to the nineteenth century, Latin and Greek werecompulsory subjects in almost all European universities, and most early modern scholars published their research and conducted internationalcorrespondence in Latin. Latin had continued in use in Western Europe longafer the all o the Roman empire as the lingua ranca o the educated classesand o law, diplomacy, religion and university teaching. e ight o Greek scholars to the West afer the all o Constantinople in 1453 gave impetusto the study o ancient Greek literature and the Greek New Testament.Eventually, just as nineteenth-century reorms o university curricula werebeginning to erode this ascendancy, developments in textual criticism andlinguistic analysis, and new ways o studying ancient societies, especially archaeology, led to renewed enthusiasm or the Classics. is collectionoers works o criticism, interpretation and synthesis by the outstandingscholars o the nineteenth century.
A Short History of Greek Mathematics
Short History of Greek Mathematics
(1884) provided the rstull account o the subject available in English, and it today remains a clearand thorough guide to early arithmetic and geometry. Beginning with theorigins o the numerical system and proceeding through the theorems o Pythagoras, Euclid, Archimedes and many others, the
oersin-depth analysis and useul translations o individual texts as well as abroad historical overview o the development o mathematics. Parts I and IIconcern Greek arithmetic, including the origin o alphabetic numerals andthe nomenclature or operations; Part III constitutes a complete history o Greek geometry, rom its earliest precursors in Egypt and Babylon throughto the innovations o the Ionic, Sophistic, and Academic schools and theirollowers. Particular attention is given to Pythagorus, Euclid, Archimedes,and Ptolemy, but a host o lesser-known thinkers receive deserved attentionas well.
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Books of enduring scholarly value