Exploring Romans Questions 9(Romans 9:1-33)
1.Over the course of the ninth, tenth and eleventh chapters of Romans, Paul isaddressing the problems that the gospel presents to whom?
The Jews2.The key to God’s
dealings with Israel is the sovereignty of God. The key toGod’s
dealings with Israel is the salvation of God. The key to God’s
dealings with Israel is the sincerity of God.3.According to Romans 9:1, whose witness does Paul call on to validate the truth of what he is about to say?
Paul’s conscience4.Explain the meaning of Paul’s use of the word “accursed” in Romans 9:3.
Alford points out that this word "accursed" is "anathema," andsays, "It never denotes simply an exclusion orexcommunication, but always a devotion to perdition—acurse. Attempts have been made to explain away themeaning here, by understanding
only; but excommunication included cursing anddelivering over to Satan: and the mere wish for natural deathwould, as Chrysostom eloquently remarks, be altogetherbeneath the dignity of the passage." Paul's soul-winningpassion for men, especially for his own countrymen, was suchthat he could actually, soberly, honestly say that he would bewilling to go to hell and be eternally damned, if that werepossible, if by so doing it would lead his kinsmen to a savingknowledge of their Messiah, the Lord Jesus Christ.
5.What are the seven privileges that Paul lists in Romans 9:4-5 that are granted to theIsraelites?
Fathers6.What two Old Testament characters does Paul use to illustrate his point that being born into the patriarchal family did not automatically confer spiritual privilege?
The case of Esau and Jacob
The case of Ishmael and Isaac7.According to Phillips, what three attributes of God were His past dealings withIsrael based upon?