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Qtr 1 Module 3 Substances & Mixtures

Qtr 1 Module 3 Substances & Mixtures

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Published by Nick Bantolo
Substances and Mixtures
Substances and Mixtures

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Published by: Nick Bantolo on Aug 08, 2013
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02/05/2014

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SUBSTANCES ANDMIXTURES 
Many things around you are
mixtures
. Some are solidlike brass, or liquid like seawater, or gas like air. Mixtures contain morethan one component. These components may vary in size. The variation insize may tell whether a mixture is homogeneous or heterogeneous.In module 1, you learned about solutions
 — 
the homogeneous
 
mixtures. They have a uniform composition. This makes the appearancesame all throughout. Thus, the components of a solution are difficult todistinguish by the unaided eye. A way to see each of these components is toseparate them. There are varied techniques to do this, depending on theproperties of each component.In this module, you will learn other examples of homogeneousmixtures. You will use these samples to differentiate them from
substances
.
Separating Components of a Mixture
In the earlier grades, you experienced separating the components of amixture. You have done this in varied ways. Try to recall some. What are theseparation techniques do you remember? Were you able to also recalldistillation and evaporation?Different separation techniques make components of a homogeneousmixture more
distinguishable, that is, those “unseen” components when
Suggested time allotment: 5 to 6 hours
How are mixtures different from substances?How are they similar?
MODULE
 
3
 
 
 Grade 7 Science: Matter
2
 Diversity of Materials in the Environment
Figure 1. Simple distillation setup 
Sample  flask Delivery tube Receiver Water bath 
Handleproperly theglassware andflammablematerials.
TAKECARE!
they are in a solution become “seen”.
 Just like in the activity below,
distillation and evaporation will help you “see” the two major
components of seawater
 — 
water and salt.
Activity 1Sea water! See water and salt!
 
Objective
In this activity, you should be able to collect distilled water and saltfrom seawater.
Materials Needed
 
seawater
 
Erlenmeyer flask (sampleflask)
 
test tube (receiver)
 
glass tube bent at rightangle, with rubber/corkattachment (delivery tube)
 
water bath
 
small boiling chips
 
alcohol lamp
 
tripod
 
safety matches
 
wire gauze
 
evaporating dish (oraluminum foil)
 
hand lens
 
spoon 
Procedure
1.
 
Prepare a distillationsetup as shown inFigure 1. Place about60 mL of seawater inthe sample flask. Add2-3 small boilingchips.
 
 Grade 7 Science: Matter 3Diversity of Materials in the Environment
Top view of theimprovised evaporating dishusing aluminum foil 
Figure 2.Evaporation using a water bath 
2.
 
Apply heat to the sample flask until you have collected about 10mL of the distilled water (distillate).
Note: Make sure the source of heat is not removed while the distillation is in progress.
3.
 
 Taste a portion of thedistillate. Compare thetaste of the distillatewith that of seawater.Q1. What is the taste of the distillate? Is the taste the same as seawater?4.
 
Set the rest of the distillate aside for later use. Label it properly.5.
 
While allowing the remaining seawaterto cool, prepare an evaporation setup asshown in Figure 2.6.
 
 Transfer the cooled liquid tothe evaporating dish.Aluminum foil may be usedas an alternative forevaporating dish. Note thatthe aluminum foil wasshaped like a bowl so it canhold the sample.7.
 
Apply heat to the seawater until all the liquid has evaporated. Let itcool. Using a hand lens, examine what is left in the evaporatingdish.Q2. What do you see? Did you notice the solidthat was left after all the liquid hasevaporated?
Water bath 
Never taste any sample unlesspermitted by theteacher or stated inthe activity procedure.
TAKECARE!
 The evaporatingdish may still betoo hot to hold.
TAKECARE!

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