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Qtr 1 Module 4 Elements & Compounds

Qtr 1 Module 4 Elements & Compounds

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Published by Nick Bantolo
Elements and Compounds
Elements and Compounds

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Nick Bantolo on Aug 08, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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All substances are homogeneous. Some mixtures are alsohomogeneous. Being so, it is difficult to distinguish mixtures andsubstances based on appearance.However, there are ways to tell if a sample isa mixture or a substance. The temperature of a liquid mixture changes during boiling butfor a liquid substance, it does not. A solidmixture has portions that do not meltbut a solid substance melts completely ata given time. From here, you can say thatthe more observations and characteristics you consider, the better you can classify them.In this module, you will find out that substances may further beclassified into two:
. You will start with the primary characteristic that distinguishes them.
Like mixtures, compounds are also made up of two or morecomponents. In module 3, you separated the components of seawaterthrough distillation. One of the products obtained was distilled water. Also, you have identified distilled water as a substance.
Suggested time allotment: 5 to 6 hours
How are elements different from compounds?How are they similar?
 Grade 7 Science: Matter 2Diversity of Materials in the Environment
In the activity that you are about to do,
 you will again “see” for
 yourself components, but this time, what water is made of. With the passageof electric current, components of water may be separated from each other. This process is called
. You will use an improvised electrolysisapparatus like the one shown in the figure below. Commonly availablematerials were used to construct this improvised apparatus.
 ______________________________________________________ Activity 1Water,
er” you
made of?
In this activity, you should be able to:1.
carry out the electrolysis of water; and2.
identify the components of water.
Figure 1. An improvised electrolysis apparatus 
Connect redwire to positive(+) terminal of the dry cell.
Connect blackwire to negative(-) terminal of the dry cell.
 Grade 7 Science: Matter 3Diversity of Materials in the Environment
Materials Needed
improvised electrolysis apparatus
5% sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution
connecting wires (black and red insulation)
9V dry cell
test tube
plastic syringes will serve as “collecting syringe”
incense or bamboo stick
safety matches
Fill the sample container of the electrolysisapparatus half-full with 5% sodiumhydroxide (NaOH) solution.2.
Fill each “electrolysis syringe” with 5%
sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution up to thezero mark. To do this, insert the tip of the
“collecting syringe” through the hole of the
plastic straw and suck out the air. Refer toFigure 2. Initially, the plunger of the
“collecting syringe” should be in the zero
position. The
basic solution
will rise and fill
the “electrolysis syringe” as you pull the plunger of the “collecting syringe”.
When the solution reaches the zero mark, fold thestraw w
ith the “collecting syringe”. Refer to the figure
on the right. Repeat the procedure for the othersyringe.
Note: In case the 10mL syringe is used for sucking out the air, you may need to repeat the suction of air to fill 
up the “electrolysis syringe” wit 
h the basic solution.
Attach the connecting wires to the bottom tips of the stainless screws.Attach the
black wire to the negative (-) terminal of the dry cell.
Attach the red wire to the positive (+) terminal of the dry cell. The stainless screw that is attached to the black wire is the negative electrode; while 
Figure 2. Filling up 
the “electr 
syringe” with the 
Be careful inhandling thesodium hydroxide.

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