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Pioneer Nursing Schools and Colleges in the Philippines

Pioneer Nursing Schools and Colleges in the Philippines



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Published by Eduard
The History of Nursing in the Philippines. The pioneers!
The History of Nursing in the Philippines. The pioneers!

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Published by: Eduard on May 28, 2009
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1.Iloilo Mission Hospital of Nursing (Iloilo City, 1906)
-It was run by the Baptist Foreign Mission Society of America.-
Miss Rose Nicolet
was the first superintendent for nurses.-In 1929, it moved to its present location.-
Miss Flora Ernst
, took charge of the school in 1942.-In March 1944, 22 nurses graduated.-In April 1944, graduate nurses took the
first Nurses Board Examination
at the said institution.
2.St. Paul Hospital School of Nursing (Manila, 1907)
-The Archbishop of Manila established this hospital named
Most ReverendJeremiah Harty
under the supervision of Sisters of St. Paul de Chartres.-It was located in Intramurs and provided general hospital services. It hada free dispensary and dental clinic.-It opened its training school for nurses in 1908, with
Rev. MotherMelanie
as superintended and Miss E. Chambers as Principal.
3.Philippine General School of Nursing (1907)
-Began in 1901 as a small dispensary mainly for “Civil Officers Employees” in Manila and later grew into civil hospital.-In 1906,
Mrs. Mary Coleman Masters
advocated the idea of trainingFilipino girls for the profession of nursing.-In 1907, with Gen. Forbes’ support and the
Director of Health
amongothers, opened classes in nursing under the auspices of the Bureau of Education.
Julia Nichols
Charlotte Clayton
taught the students andAmerican lecturers served as lecturers.-The Act No. 76 in 1910 modified the organization of the school, placing itunder the supervision of the Director of Health.-The Civil Hospital was
and the
Philippine General Hospital
. The school became known as the
Philippine GeneralHospital School of Nursing.-
When she became chief nurse,
Elsie McCloskey-Gaches
introducedseveral improvements in the school. The course was made attractive andmore practical.
-Anastacia Giron-Tupas
, the first Filipino nurse to occupy the position of the chief nurse and superintendent in the Philippines, succeeded her.
St. Luke’s Hospital School of Nursing – 1907, QuezonCity; opened after four years as a dispensary clinic.
The St. Luke’s Hospital School of Nursing, the predecessor of theSt. Luke’s College of Nursing is one of the oldest nursing schools in thePhilippines. It was established in 1907 soon after the founding of St. Luke’sHospital. The Late Rev. Charles Brent, the first Bishop of the EpiscopalChurch in the Philippines saw the need for Filipino nurses initiated theschool’s establishment together with Miss Ellen T. Hicks, then the firstsuperintendent of nurses. The school had three of the seventeen Filipinowomen who first took nursing in the Philippines. The College hasconsistently maintained its excellent record as a top performing school,ranking No. 1 in June 2007, December 2007 and June 2008 boardexaminations. Since 1911, St. Lukes graduates have distinguishedthemselves in clinical practice, nursing education and post graduate studiesthrough the promotion and advancement of nursing in the Philippines.Celebrating its centennial in 2007, St. Luke’s College of Nursing has prided
itself through the years as one of the oldest and one of the top performingnursing schools in the Philippines.
5.Mary Johnston Hospital School of Nursing – 1907
It was when the congested districts of Manila were ravaged bydiseases and suffered a high morality rate that Dr. Rebecca Parrish and twoAmerican missionary nurses, founders of Mary Johnston Hospital, directedzealous efforts towards the establishment of a school of nursing TheBethany Clinic as it was first known in 1907 had the Women's ForeignMissionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the United Statesas its moving spirit. Starting with 10 bamboo beds, 3 young Filipino girlswere accepted to help in the clinic.A year later, a building was constructed in Tondo and was dedicatedto the memory of Mary Johnston, the wife of a friend of Dr. Parrish whodonated the money for the construction on the hospital. The first 3 girlswere joined by 3 more forming the first class of Mary Johnston HospitalTraining School for Nurses, and in 1911, the first class was graduated.The school stands for the development of Christian womanhoodmaintaining that good womanhood must come first and nursing must befounded upon fine character. The school wanted to lead every student alongthe way of true Spirit Service so that a number of the graduates may befound all over the Philippines engaged in community nursing. Communitynursing has been a part of the school curriculum as early as 1929.Additionally, it has kept pace with new developments in nursing education.At the outbreak of World War II, classes were suspended on Dec. 8,1941 but students stayed on to help care for the sick and the wounded. Thehospital, originally for women and children only opened its doors to thecasualties of war of both sexes. This continued with the Japaneseoccupation. Classes were then permitted to reopen, this time in Nippongo.The school graduated nurses in 1942, one semester late. Activitiescontinued until the burning of the school building on Feb. 5, 1942, theliberation of Manila. The senior class was transferred to the North GeneralHospital School of Nursing to continue their studies. The 1946 graduatesbecame the first graduates of the North General School of Nursing.In 1947, the Mary Johnston School of Nursing was reopened byauthorization of the Bureau of Private Schools. 25 girls had one year of college work before admission. In 1953, the school was authorized to offer4-year collegiate program as part of the Philippine Christian Colleges and in1957, the first class of 13 was awarded the Bachelor of Science in Nursing.The pre-war building became rehabilitated as the dormitory of the NursingService graduate.The school of nursing underwent the gradual evolution from thetraditional hospital school to the collegiate school to keep abreast with thepresent trends to educate nurses. Philippine Christian Colleges receiveduniversity status on October 6, 1976 during its 30th (Pearl) anniversary.MJSN changed its official name to PCU-Mary Johnston College of Nursing. Ithas carried this name for over 60 years. Its traditions and ideal remain thesame, yet are geared to the present needs of this ever changing society.
6.Philippine Christian Mission Institute Schools of Nursing
The United Christian Missionary Society of Indianapolis, Indiana, aProtestant
organization of the Disciples of Christ, operated three schools of nursing:
Sallie Long Read Memorial Hospital School of Nursing
(Laoag,Ilocos Norte, 1903)
Mary Chiles Hospital School of Nursing
(Manila 1911). The hospitalwas established by in Dr. W.N. Lemon in small house on Azcarraga,Sampaloc, Manila. In 1913, Miss Mary Chiles of Independence,Montana, donated a large sum of money with which the presentbuilding at Gastambide was bought. The Tuason Annex was donated byMiss Esperanza Tuazon, a Filipino Philntropist.
Frank Dunn Memorial Hospital
(Vigan, Ilocos Sur, 1912)
San Juan de Dios Hospital of Nursing (Manila, 1913)
It was June 16, 1913, a school of Nursing was opened, indulged with theaim of providing service not only to the poor, but to the poorest of the poor. ThoughWorld War II had almost put its work of Charity to an end, post war reconstructionand rehabilitation resulted in New Hospital in Dewey Boulevard, presently RoxasBoulevard. Adjacent to it is the New College of Nursing, the school of Nursingdefunct from 1936 to 1942,re-opened in 1953. The college administered byt theDaughters of Charity of Daughter's of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, who'scompany was founded by the later, the universal patron of all works of Charity withco-foundress.St. Louise de Marillac, the patroness of all those who devotethemselves to Christian Social work. Then later, it opened a new course of MedicalTechnology which had received government recognition in1969 and was absorbedby the college in 1972. And recently, year 1993, a new department was opened,the Department of Physical Therapy. Thus training more students and molding themtowards accomplishing the mission inculcated to us by St. Vincent to the fullest andthat is "Service....." Services to the people regardless of their status in life.
8.Emmanuel Hospital School of Nursing (Capiz,1913)
In 1913, the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society sent
DR. P.H.J.Lerrigo
to Capiz for the purpose of opening a hospital,
Miss Rose Nicolet
assistedhim. The school offered a 3-year training course for an annual fee of Php 100.00.
Miss Ciara Pedrosa
was the first Filipino principal.
9.Southern Islands Hospital School of Nursing (Cebu,1918)
The hospital was established in 1911 under the Bureau of Health. Theschool opened in 1918 with
Anastacia Giron-Tupas
, as the organizer.
MissVisitacion Perez
was the first principal.
10.Zamboanga General Hospital School of Nursing (1921)
When the civil government was extended to Mindanao and Sulu in 1914, thegovernment made it its basic policy the establishment of a hospital and dispensary.This was to provide effective medical relief and the promotion of wellness in thecommunity. This in turn necessitated the educating, training, and ultimately hiring of graduate nurses.In the begining, difficulties arose in the training , and of retaining nurses fromthe north, due to the special conditions prevailing in the department. Thus theestablishment of Zamboanga General Hospital training School for Nurses wasdeemed necessary.In 1918 , Zamboanga was the capital town of the non-christian province of Mindanao and Sulu.Jacobo Fajardo, then Chief, Division of Provincial Sanitation,Philippine Health Service,saw the need for a hospital to care for and treat contagiousdiseases and at the same time promote wellness and healthful living in thecommunity!

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