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Tow Target Release Mechanism (1933)

Tow Target Release Mechanism (1933)

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Published by CAP History Library
Tow Target
Tow Target

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: CAP History Library on Aug 09, 2013
Copyright:Public Domain

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02/26/2014

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1,971,340
ug.
28,
1934.
A. c.
FOULK
TOW TARGET RELEASING DEVICE
Filed
Aug.
5,
1953
m
RKMM
.
y@
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,Q_/ff,
i
um
 
Patented
Aug.
428,
1934
«
'UNITED STATES>
PATENT
OFFICE
1,971,340
TOW
TARGET
RELEASING
DEVICE
Albert
G.
Foulk,
Riverside,
Calif.
,
Application
August
5,
1933,
Serial
No.
683,758
3
Claims.
(Cl.
124-16)
(Granted
under
the
act
o!
March
.3,
1883,
as
amended
April
30,
1928;
370 O.
G.
'157)
The
invention
described
herein
may
e
manu
factured
and
used
by
or
'for
the
Government
for
governmental
purposes,
without
the
payment
to
me
f
any
royalty
thereon.
This
invention
relates
to
means
for
releasing
a
plurality
of
aerial
tow-targets
with
the
tow
cable
fully
extended.
'
Two
methods
of
procedure
have
been adhered
to,
during
anti-aircraft
practice,
following
a
pre
10
determined
course
of
ñre
upon an
extended
tow
target.
One
method
consists
of releasing
the
extended
tow-cable
and
attached
target
and
ofpermitting-'the
same
to
fall
in>
the
vicinity
ofthe
battery
firing,
whereupon
the
aircraft re
turns
to
its
>airdrome
‘for
replacements.
The
sec
v
ond
method
consists of
reeling in
the
exposed
20
2530
40
5055
tow-target,
of
attaching
a
fresh
tow-target
to
the
tow-cable,
and
of
unreeling
the
same;
follow
ing
which
procedure the
former
target
is
retained
in
the
aircraft
or
dropped
to
the
battery
below,
as
desired.
Both
of
the
foregoing
methods
con
sume
a
considerable
periodv
of
time.
'Ifhe
latter
method
often
results
in
a
broken
tow-cable.
It
is
an
object of
my
nvention
to
attach
a
plu
rality
of
tow-targets
tothe
inner portion
of
an
extended
tow-cable
by
means
_of
slidable
rings
and
to`
successively release
theserings
and
at
tached
targets for
rearward
travel
toward
the
outer
extremity
of
`the
tow-cable.
Each
newly
released
tow-target automatically
_displaces
its
predecessor,
which
thereupon
falls
to
the
battery
below.
y
With
the
foregoing
and
other
objects
in
view,
which
will
appear
as
the
description proceeds,
my
nvention
consists
of
certain
new
and
novel
improvements
yin
tow-target
releasing
devices,
which
will
beV
hereinafter
more
fully
villustrated
and
described
in
the`
accompanying
drawing,
and
more
vparticularly
pointed
out
in
the
appended
Claims.
` l i ' .
rvg.
~
.
Referring
tothe
drawing
in
which
numerals
of
like
character
designatesimilarparts
throughout
the
several»
claims:
.
Fig.
1
isa
side
elevation of
my
nvention,
with
a
tow-target
ring
attached
thereto.
Fig-2
shows
my
inventionin
the
process
of
releasing
an
old
and
receiving
a
new
tow-target
ring.
.
`
»
-‘
.
Referring
to
Fig.
1,
the
body
portion
of
my
invention
consists
of
an
elongated
U-shaped
channel
1>
provided
at
one
extremity
with
a
tapered`>
e'ncl"..,2>`
and>at’the
other`
extremity
with
a
closed
end'fß.
VA
tow-cable 4
is
pivotally'
at
tached
to
the
,tapered`
end
2
by
means
of
a
ñxed
pin
5.
Anvopening
6
is
provided
in
the
chan
nel
1
immediately
adjacent
the
closed
end
3.
A
lever7
is
pivotally
attached
between
ends
to
the
channel
1
by
means
of
a
clevis
pin
8
and
a
cotter
pin
9.
The
lever
7
is
provided
at
one
of
its
extremities
with
an
engaging
hook
10
adapted
to register
with
the
opening
6
in
the
channel
1
and
at
its
other
extremity
with atapered
end
11.
A
eaf
spring
12
is
flxedly
attached at
one
of
its
ends
to
a
key-hole
13
provided
in
thebase
of
the engaging
hook
10.
The
lever 7
is
nor
mally
disposed
in
the
position
shown
in
Fig.
1.
The
base
of
a
lever
14
is
pivotally
attached
to
the
channel
1
by
means
of
a
clevis
pin
15
and
a
cotter
pin
16
and
is
provided with
a
lobed
pro
jection
17
adapted
to
limit
clockwise rotation
of_
the
lever
14.
The
mid-portion
of
the
lever
14
is
provided with
a
cammed
surface
18 for
engaging
the
outer
extremity
of
the tapered
end'
11
of
the
lever
7.
The
outer
end‘ofthe
lever
14
comprises
a
lever
portion
19
adapted
to
be de
pressed
entirely
within the
channel
1,
as
shown
in
Fig.
2.
The
foregoing
parts
complete
the
en
gaging
and
releasing
portion
of
my
nvention.
A
lurality of
rings 20
are
iixedly
attached
to
a
like
plurality of
tow-targets
by
means
of
hinged
brackets
21
and
target
cables
22.
As has been
previously
stated,
the
rings 20 are
slidably
secured
to
the tow-cable 4
at
its
point
of
attachment
'
to
the
aircraft
proper.
Any
suitable
device
may
be
employed
to retain
the
rings20
within the
00
75
,aircraft
during
extension or
retraction of
the
tow
cable
4,
including
selective
release of
the
rings
20
to
the
rear
of
the
aircraft.It
is
obvious that
employment
of
“split
rings”
would
facilitate
at
tachment
to
the
tow-cable
4.
In
Fig.
1,
the
ring
20a
hasbeen manually
positioned at
the
aft
por
tion of
the channel
1
in
the
position
which
it
would
normally
assume
during tow-target
opera
tion.Fig.2
illustrates
the
manner
n
which
automatic
95
'
release of
one
tow-target
is
accomplished
through
arrival
of
a
new
ow-target
at
the
engaging
and
r
releasing
portion
of
my
nvention.
The
on-com-
ingrings
20h,
hinged
bracket 2lb
and
tow-cable
22h
have
traveled
past the
tapered
end
2
and
com
ing
into
engagement
with
the
trigger
portion
19
of
the
lever
14,
have
forced
the
latter
into
the
enclosure
formed by
the
channel
1.
Correspond-
105
ing
upward movement
of
the
cammed
urface
18rotates
the
end
11
upward and
the
engaging
hook
10
downward.
The
foregoing
rotation
of
the
lever
'7
is
accompanied
by
release of
the outgoing
ring
20a,
hinged
bracket
21a
and
tow
target
cable
22a
from
further connection
with
the
aircraft.
As
100
110

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