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Modul 5 Indices & LogarithmsRatings:

3.0

(1)|Views: 11,880|Likes: 174Published by hasnitajb

SPM Add Math - notes & exercises; Modul 5 Indices & Logarithms

SPM Add Math - notes & exercises; Modul 5 Indices & Logarithms

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/15908214/Modul-5-Indices-Logarithms

06/24/2013

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5 Indices & Logarithms

1

5. INDICES AND LOGARITHMS

IMPORTANT NOTES :UNIT 5.1 Law of IndicesI. a

m

x a

n

= a

m + n

II. a

m

a

n

= a

m – n

III (a

m

)

n

= a

mn

Other Results : a

0

= 1 ,

mm

aa

1

, (ab)

m

= a

m

b

m

1.

100

0

= 3

– 2

= (3

p

)

2

=

5.1.1 “BACK TO BASIC”

BIL

a

m

a

n

= a

m + n

a

m

a

n

= a

m – n

(a

m

)

n

= a

mn

1.

a

3

× a

2

= a

3 + 2

= a

5

a

4

a = a

5 – 1

= a

4

(a

3

)

2

= a

3x2

= a

6

2.

2

3

× 2

4

= 2

3 + 4

= 2

□

a

3

a

5

= a

3 – 5

= a

□

=

2

1

a

(3

2

)

4

= 3

2x4

= 3

□

3.

p

3

× p

– 4

= p

3 + ( – 4)

= p

□

=p

– 4

p

5

= p

– 4 – 5

= p

□

=

p

1

(p

– 5

)

2

= p

– 5 x2

= p

□

=

4.

2k

3

× (2k)

3

= 2k

3

× 2

3

× k

3

= ( )

□

(4a)

2

2a

5

= (4

2

a

2

)

(2a

5

)=

52

216

aa

=(3

x

2

)

3

= 3

3

×

x

2x3

=

5 Indices & Logarithms

2

UNIT 5.2 SIMPLE EQUATIONS INVOLVING INDICES

No

Example Exercise 1 Exercise 2

1.

3

x

= 813

x

= 3

4

x

= 42

x

= 32

x

=4

x

= 64

x

=

2.

8

x

= 16(2

3

)

x

= 2

4

2

3

x

= 2

4

3

x

= 4

x

=

34

4

x

= 32

x

=27

x

= 9

x

=

3.

8

x

= 16

x – 3

(2

3

)

x

= 2

4(x – 3)

2

3x

= 2

4x – 12

3

x

= 4

x

– 12

x

= 124

x+2

= 32

x - 1

x

=27

1 –

x

= 9

2

x

x

=

4.

2 × 8

2x

= 16

x + 3

2

1

× (2

3

)

x

= 2

4 (x + 3)

2

1+3x

= 2

4x + 12

1 + 3

x

= 4

x

+ 121 – 12 = 4

x

– 3

x x

= – 1116 × 4

2x – 3

= 32

2 – x

x

=25

1 – 3x

= 5 × 125

x

x

=

Suggested Steps:S1 : Use the laws of indices to simplify expression(if necessary)S2 : Make sure the base is the SAMES3 : Form a linear equation by equating the indicesS4 : Solve the linear equation

5 Indices & Logarithms

3

UNIT 5.2 LOGARITMS

Do YOU know that ....

If a numberNcan be expressed in theformN=a

x

, then the logarithm of N tothe baseais

x

?

N= a

x

log

a

N =

x

100= 10

2

log

10

100=264= 4

3

log

4

64=30.001= 10

-3

log

10

0.001=– 3

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Penthesilea Edriena added this note

This is really good exercise..i hope i will score an "A" for Add Math... :)

Gershon Awudi added this note

This page is great. I am a math teacher and this material is good for my students.

Mastura Rahmat liked this

Venni Je-m'aime Saunders added this note

i really love this page, i have exams in a week and this makes very good practice. I wish it was printable though.

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