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Modul 6 Coordinate Geometry

# Modul 6 Coordinate Geometry

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SPM Add Math - notes & exercises; Modul 6 Coordinate Geometry
SPM Add Math - notes & exercises; Modul 6 Coordinate Geometry

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07/17/2013

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6. Coordinate Geometry
1
6. COORDINATE GEOMETRY
Unit 6.1 : To Find the distance between two points
[BACK TO BASICS]
A(
11
,
y x
) and B(
22
,
y x
) : AB =
2 22 1 2 1
( ) ( )
x x y y
.Eg. 1 Given two points A(2,3) and B(4,7)Distance of AB =
2 2
(4 2) (7 3)
=
4 16
=
20
unit.E1. P(4,5) and Q(3,2)PQ =
[
10
]
E2. R(5,0) and S(5,2)
[2]
E3. T(7,1) and U(2,5)[
41
]
E4. V(10,6) and W(4,2)
[
52
]
E5. X(-4,-1) and Y(-2,1)
[
18
]
More challenging Questions….E1. The distance between two points A(1, 3) andB(4, k) is 5. Find the possible vales of k.
7, -1
E2. The distance between two points P(-1, 3) andQ(k, 9) is 10. Find the possible values of k.
7, -9
E3. The distance between two points R(-2, 5) andS(1, k) is
10
. Find the possible vales of k.6, 4E4. The distance between two points K(-1, p) andL(p, 9) is
50
. Find p.
p = 0, 6
E5. The distance between two points U(4, -5) andV(2, t) is
20
. Find the possible vales of t.t =-9, -1E6. If the distance between O(0, 0) and P(k, 2k) is thesame as the distance between the points A(-4, 3) andB(1, -7), find the possible values of k.
k = 5, -5

6. Coordinate Geometry
2
Unit 6.2 : Division of a Line Segment
6.2.1 To find the mid-point of Two Given Points.
Formula : Midpoint M =
  
2,2
2121
y y x x
Eg. P(3, 2) and Q(5, 7)Midpoint, M =
  
272,253
= (4 ,
29
)E1 P(-4, 6) and Q(8, 0)
(2, 3)
E2 P(6, 3) and Q(2, -1)
(4, 1)
E3 P(0,-1), and Q(-1, -5)
(- ½ , -3)
6.2.2 Division of a Line Segment
Q divides the line segment PR in the ratio
PQ : QR
= m : n. P(
x
,
y
), R(
x
,
y
)Q
(x,y)
=
  
nmmynynmmxnx
2121
,
(NOTE : Students are strongly advised to sketch a line segment before applying the formula)
Eg1. The point P internally divides the line segment joining the point M(3,7) and N(6,2) in the ratio 2 : 1.Find the coordinates of point P.P =
  
12)2(2)7(1 ,12)6(2)3(1
=
  
311,315
=
115,3
E1. The point P internally divides the line segment joining the point M (4,5) and N(-8,-5) in the ratio1 : 3. Find the coordinates of point P.
51,2
nm
P(x
1
, y
1
)R(x
2
, y
2
)
Q(x, y)
nm
R(x
2
, y
2
)P(x
1
, y
1
)
Q(x, y)
12
N(6, 2)M(3, 7)
P(x, y)

6. Coordinate Geometry
3
More Exercise : The Ratio Theorem
(NOTE : Students are strongly advised to sketch a line segment before applying the formula)
E1. R divides PQ in the ratio 2 : 1. Find thecoordinates of R if (a) P(1, 2) and Q( -5, 11)(b) P(-4, 7) and Q(8, -5)
(a) (-3, 8) (b) (4 , -1)
E2. P divides AB in the ratio 3 : 2. Find thecoordinates of P if (c) A(2, -3) and B( -8, 7)(d) A(-7, 5) and B(8, -5)
(a) (-4, -3) (b) (2 , -1)
E3. M is a point that lies on the straight line RS suchthat 3RM = MS. If the coordinates of the points Rand S are (4,5) and (-8,-5) respectively, find thecoordinates of point M.3RM = MS
MS RM
=
31
, RM : MS = 1 : 3
Ans :
  
25,1
E4. P is a point that lies on the straight line TU suchthat 3TP = 2PU. If the coordinates of the points T andU are (-9,7) and (1,-3) respectively, find thecoordinates of point P.
(-5, 3)
E5. The points P(3, p), B(-1, 2) and C(9,7) lie on astraight line. If P divides BC internally in the ratiom : n , find (a) m : n , (b) the value of p.
(a) 2 : 3 (b) p = 4
E6. R(
x, y
) , divides the points P(2k, – k) andQ(
2x, 4y
) in the ratio 3 : 5. Express
x
in terms of
y
.
(Ans : x = 4y)