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Circular Measure
1
1.1 Converting Measurements in Radians to Degrees and Vice Versa
Definition:
S

where
S
is the length of the arc
AB
,
is the radius of the circle, and
θ
is the angle subtended at the centre
O
by the arc
AB
.For the full circle, the circumference is 2
π
and the angle is 360
o
  
.Hence, 2
π
o
=>
π
o
For each of the following measurement in degree, change it to radian.Example: 25.8
o
Since 180
o
=
π
π
(a) 30
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
O A B
O A BS

Circular Measure
2
For each of the following measurement in radian, change it to degree.Example: 0.75 radSince
π
o
π
Always use
π
= 3.142
o
o
](c)
o
](d)
o
](e) 1.2
π
o
](f)
π
[60
o
o
](h) -
o
](i) (1 +
π
o
OPQ

Circular Measure
3
2. ARC LENGTH OF A CIRCLE
2.1 Arc Length, Radius and AngleS

=>
S
=
rθ
For each of the following, find the length of the arc
S
given the values of
and
θ
.Example:
= 10 cm and
θ
S
=
rθ
= 10 × 1.5= 15 cm(a)
= 20 cm and
θ
= 15 cm and
θ
= 30 cm and
θ
=6

= 10 cm and
θ
= 60
o
[10.47 cm](e)
= 1.5 m and
θ
= 82.8
o
[2.168 m]For each of the following, calculate the length of the radius
given the values of
S
and
θ
.Example:
S
= 4.5 cm and
θ
S
=
rθ
4.5 = 1.5
5.15.4
= 3 cm(a)
S
= 9 cm and
θ
S
= 4.5 cm and
θ
S
= 9 m and
θ
= 30
o
[17.19 m](d)
S
= 15 cm and
θ
= 32.8
o
[26.20 cm](e)
S
= 10 cm and
θ
=8

OPQ