due to the prevailing high pricefor Davan oil.Artemisia-pallens is an annual,aromatic, south Indian plant,specially found around Mysorecity. It is also cultivated in theneighborhood of Pune.It generally grows in theneighbor hood of sandalwoodtrees. This herb is prized for itsfruity fragrance and forms animportant component in garland, bouquets and floral decorations.The springs of Davana providean element of freshness and arich sumptuousness odour. Theherb is very valuable for itsessential, Davana oil.
Davana is mostly cultivated inthe red soil regions in SouthIndia. It comes up very well inrich loamy soils. Considerablecare is necessary in thecultivation and harvesting thecrop.Davana is an annual herb, familycompositor, requiring about four months to reach maturity, atwhich it attains a height of about1 1/2 feet. According to theresearch findings, two distinctvarieties of the plant occur. Thisfact is of considerableimportance in the production of Davana oil.Season is not an importantcriteria when Davana is grownfor use in garlands and bouquets.In this case, the crop is pulled outwhen it is about two months old.On the other hand, season is veryimportant when the crop isgrown for production of oil. Thecrop is allowed to grow until itflowers, which take about 4months from sowing. It is grownas a short term crop from November to February/Marchand as a ratoon crop extending upto April/May. A few lightshowers in the season, brightsunshine, a crisp winter with nofirst and heavy morning dew, allcontribute to a good crop. Thecrop does not withstand heavyrains. Particularly, when the cropis blooming and is getting readyfor harvest, cloudy weather or rain could substantially affect theoil yield.Total yield of fresh herbage fromthe main crop and the ratoon crop