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Urban Poverty in India and Post-MDG Framework

Urban Poverty in India and Post-MDG Framework

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Published by Oxfam
In spite of rapid economic growth over the last decade, India
In spite of rapid economic growth over the last decade, India

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Published by: Oxfam on Aug 09, 2013
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Oxfam India working papers series
April 2013OIWPS - XVII
Darshini Mahadevia
URBAN POVERTY ININDIA AND POST-MDGFRAMEWORK
 
Post-2015, when the deadline of the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) end, the worldhas to give itself a new development agenda to address continuing conditions of poverty and inequality.Some countries have missed their targets and some have met theirs. The goals and targets set werelimited. There was no rural-urban differentiation in either identifying goals and targets or benchmarks forthe targets. For example, reduction in slum living was made to be important only in case of urban areas andnot for the rural areas. Hence, while the world moves on to the post-MDG framework, there is a need to setup a new agenda post-2015, which should aim at more process oriented and transformative outcomes.There is also need to take on board existing inequalities, particularly among the different communitiesin a country and also between rural and urban areas. Even urban areas have become highly unequal andthe dimensions and dynamics of urban inequalities should reflect on the post-MDG urban agenda. Thispaper presents the facts on urban inequalities in the context of the targets 10 and 11 of the Goal 7 ofthe MDGs and reflects on the processes through which the agenda of these targets can be met in thefuture. The context is India, which is a socially diverse country, wherein, some social groups, namely, theDalits, the Tribals, the Muslims and women, have lagged behind in all the MDG indicators (Dubochet 2013).These groups have also lagged behind in the targets 10 and 11 of the Goal 7 in the urban context andare experiencing higher incidence of poverty than the general urban population. The paper suggests thatshelter security should be the basis for transformative and equitable post-MDG agenda in urban India. Thepaper also gives the rationale for this suggestion and shows that urban policies and programmes have notadequately addressed the question of shelter security in the country. Lastly, the paper suggests that thepost-MDG framework should be built on the ‘Right to the City’ agenda for India.The author: Darshini MahadeviaDarshini Mahadevia is Professor and Dean at the Faculty of Planning and Public Policy. Since 2009, shecoordinates the Centre for Urban Equity, which also functions as a National Resource Centre for the Ministryof Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Government of India. She holds a PhD from Centre for Studies inRegional Development, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.Professor Mahadevia has authored numerous books and articles on urban development policies, includinghousing policy, urban poverty and human and gender development. She has collaborated with manyuniversities and has been a visiting fellow in several universities including the University of California, McGillUniversity in Montreal; Tsinghua University in Beijing; and the Tianjin University of Business and Economics.She is also Member of the Advisory Board of Global Research Network on Human Settlements (HS-Net),2011-13, of the UN Habitat.
Abstract
Disclaimer:
Oxfam India Working Paper Series disseminates the finding of the work in progress to encourage the exchange of ideas aboutdevelopment issues. An objective of the series is to get the findings out quickly, even if the presentations are less than fully polished.The papers carry the names of the authors and should be cited accordingly. The findings, interpretations, and conclusion expressedin this paper are entirely those of the authors. They do not necessarily represent the views of Oxfam India.
Published by:
Oxfam India
 
Contents
1. Context 22. Poverty in Urban India 43. Goal 7 Targets’ Achievements by Social Groups 64. Shelter Security and Social Development Links 145. The Urban Housing Programmes and Their Evaluation 206. Post-MDG Framework 24References 28

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