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as400

as400

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Published by palac85
FQA
FQA

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Published by: palac85 on Aug 09, 2013
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03/05/2014

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Frequently asked Questions in AS/400
1.Define a shared access path?
To share the open data path by various programs in a same job.
2.What is the difference between array and a multiple occurrence data structure?
The values stored in array don’t vary. In the other hand, we can store theDifferent values in same variables at various stages.
3.What is *INZSR used for?
It is special type of RPG/400 subroutine, which is executed automaticallyat beginning of the program. It is a good place to code initializes the variables.
4.How can you execute a command from within an RPG program without calling a CLPprogram?
By calling QCMDEXC application program interface we can execute a CL command with in anRPG program.
5.What is the purpose of the "N" in the following calculation specification?
CKEYCHAIN FILEN99
If you specify 'N' in 53rd position, the record will not be locked if you try to read the lockedrecord. It is a way of avoiding the record lock.
6.Which of the following operations does NOT zero the field FLDA defined as 4,0?
CMOVE*ZEROSFLDACZ-ADD*ZEROSFLDACZ-ADD0FLDACMOVE*ALL'0'FLDACSUBFLDAFLDACMOVE'0000'FLDACCLEARFLDACMOVE*BLANKSFLDA
The last instruction does NOT zero the field FLDA.
7.How can you check for a records existence without causing and I/O (CHAIN/READ)?
With the help of File Information Data Structure, we can check existence of records in a physicalfile. The code is described below:In File description continuation line (IPFK), 
KINFDS RCDSIRCDS DSI *RECORD #RCDS
with the above code we can check the existence of records in a file without causing I/Ooperation.
8.Define what a data area is along with a brief example of what it may be used for?
Data area is a storage area to store limited information.Frequently Asked Questions in AS/400Page 1
 
Example:
a new and unique customer number is generated whenever a new customer is addedto customer master file. Data area keeps track of last record added and add 1 to it. Throughprogram we can access new customer number.
9.Define what a data queue is along with a brief example of what it may be used for?
Data queues provides communication between programs by calling API's QSNDDTAQ andQRCVDTAQ along with parameters like data queue name, library in which data queue exists,variable to store the number of characters to be sent, variable to store the information to besent. We can send the same data queue to the many programs.
10.What is the purpose of the following?
I'CLOSED'CSTAT01I'OPEN'CSTAT02
It is a type of initializing the variables in I-spec. and these are further used in C-spec.
11.What is the difference between UDATE and the system date?
UDATE supports two-digit year. The format is *MDY (MMDDYY).*DATE (system date) supports four digit year. The format is *MDYY (MMDDYYYY).
12.List some of the commonly used commands for debugging
STRDBG(for batch jobs), STRISDB.
13.Define the RCVF command?
RCVF command used to receive the records either from the data base file or device file.
14.Define the purpose of the %SST function?
To extract the information from the specified string.
15.Define the purpose of the *CAT function?
To concatenate the two strings into a one string.
16.Define the purpose of the *BCAT function?
To concatenate the two strings by placing a single blank in a resultant.
17.Describe the difference between the DOWxx and DOUxx operations?
DOWxx : If the condition becomes true, then only the group of instructions allowed executing.DOUxx : Irrespective of condition, it will execute at least one time.
18.Define the purpose of the LEAVE operation?
If you specify LEAVE, the control transfers to the statement below the ENDDO.
19.Define the purpose of the ITER operation?
If you specify the ITER, the groups of statements are allowed to execute repeatedly.Frequently Asked Questions in AS/400Page 2
 
20.List the steps/commands necessary to accomplish the following:
a. Copy data from the file ORDHDR into file ORDHISTb. The file ORDHIST may or may not existc. If the file ORDHDR does exist, it may or may not contain datad. The file ORDHIST may or may not contain data, if the file doescontain data the old data should be erasedCommands:
a. CPYF FILE(ORDHDR) TOFILE(ORDHIST)b. CPYF FILE (ORDHDR) TOFILE (ORDHIST) CRTFILE (*YES)c. CPYF FILE (ORDHDR) TOFILE (ORDHIST) *ADDd. CPYF FILE (ORDHDR) TOFILE (ORDHIST) *REPLACE
21.What is the purpose of the following?
FORDHDR1IFEKDISKORDHDRFKRENAMEORDHDRF1
In order to rename the record format of a data base file in a program,we can use the above steps. Purpose of renaming is: If the record format name is similar intwo files and if both are used in a same program, the program will not compile. Hence we haveto rename either of the file.
22.What is the purpose of the following
C/COPYQRPGSRC,ORDERR
During the compilation the source code of ORDERR copy book is copied into theexisting program. Where as /COPY is compiler directive statement.
23.What is the purpose of the following
FORDHDR1CFEWORKSTN$2SFN SFILE FMT2
The above line indicates that, $2SFN is a relative record number and FMT2 is name of thesubfile record format.
24.What is the purpose of the following
IUDSI160ORDER#I790LINE#
The purpose is to define the varibles in I-Spec and these are further used in C-spec. Where as ‘U’ indicates data area data structure? The above code is used to update the data areavalue through the program. The letter "U" indicates that the defined data structure is a dataarea data structure.
25.What is the purpose of the following?
ACSRLOC (F1ROWF1COL)
Using this record level keyword, you can specify cursor location on an output operation to therecord format you are defining. The program sends output aftersetting the cursorlocation.Frequently Asked Questions in AS/400Page 3

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