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Emerging Issues in Agrl. Res. Mgt. - Lecture for 85 FOCARS 12-2-2009

Emerging Issues in Agrl. Res. Mgt. - Lecture for 85 FOCARS 12-2-2009

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Published by nirmal kumar

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Published by: nirmal kumar on May 29, 2009
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National Academy of Agricultural Research Management,Hyderabad
In mid-sixties, the agricultural research took a center-stage invisualizing and ushering in what is universally acclaimed as GreenRevolution envied by most countries but seldom replicated. Afterdecadesof deprivation and negative forecasts, Indian agriculture gainedmore confidence in increasing productivity and production which resultedin other revolutions viz., white (milk), yellow (oil), blue (fish), golden(horticultural). As a result of research led revolutions, today India hasemerged as the second largest producer of food materials in world afterChina. But there are many areas of concerns like feeding more than 1.1billion people from same cultivable land (and in fact reducing due to itsconversion into real estate etc), requiring agriculture becoming profitablebut also making farmers / growers/ fishermen economically better offthan before etc.
The country has lately been making great strides in economic field andemerged as one of leading economies of the world. While this looks verygood, the growth rate and contributions to GDP by the agricultural sectorhasbeen going down. Presently, itsgrowth rate isaround 2.6 per cent andcontribution to GDPis17.47 per cent and going down. The spectre of largepulse and oilseed import(totaling more Rs.25,000 cr per year) is loominglarge ,forcing the top planners to once again focus on agriculture. A loanwaiver of Rs.71,000 cr was announced by the Government of India. Whileits impact is beingwatched carefully , the next step is to save them fromanother debt trap(Swaminathan,2008).The responsibility of developing and transferring technologies for doublingfood production by 2020 is mainly on agricultural research. The challengeto our food security has never been severer. Necessary steps need to betaken before it becomestoo late , too little.Food security is closely related to national security. If there is a huge fooddeficit, it cannot be met by import.

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