The country has lately been making great strides in economic field andemerged as one of leading economies of the world. While this looks verygood, the growth rate and contributions to GDP by the agricultural sectorhasbeen going down. Presently, itsgrowth rate isaround 2.6 per cent andcontribution to GDPis17.47 per cent and going down. The spectre of largepulse and oilseed import(totaling more Rs.25,000 cr per year) is loominglarge ,forcing the top planners to once again focus on agriculture. A loanwaiver of Rs.71,000 cr was announced by the Government of India. Whileits impact is beingwatched carefully , the next step is to save them fromanother debt trap(Swaminathan,2008).The responsibility of developing and transferring technologies for doublingfood production by 2020 is mainly on agricultural research. The challengeto our food security has never been severer. Necessary steps need to betaken before it becomestoo late , too little.Food security is closely related to national security. If there is a huge fooddeficit, it cannot be met by import.