CONSTITUENTS OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS.
The composite materials are made up of constituent materials which aregrouped as
MATRIX REINFORCEMENT FIBRE MATRIX INTERPHASE FILLERS
:- It is also called as binder. The phase that receives the inserts in the phasecomposition is the continuous phase & is called as matrix.Ex. - polymer, ceramics, Metals.
:- These are materials which basically gives strength, stiffness &other mechanical properties to composite materials.Ex. – Glass, Boron, Jute fibres.
The interphase between the fiber and matrix can be easily identified ,itis the behaviour and property of interphase that generally control the properties of composites. The main role of interphase is to transmit and distribute the load on matrix tothe reinforcement.
FILLERS & ADDITIVES
Fillers are added is polymeric matrix for following reasons.1. Reduce cost 2. Increase stiffness. 3. Reduce mold shrinkage. 4. Control viscosity.5. Produce smooth surface.This fillers should be inert & their presence in a polymeric matrix.Should not affect the processing & polymerization.