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Materials ~ Thermoplastic, Composites Specifications.pdf

Materials ~ Thermoplastic, Composites Specifications.pdf

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Published by: David Salazar on Aug 10, 2013
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03/18/2015

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Thermoplastic Composites
 INTRODUCTION 
Composite materials have been used since biblical times when choppedstraw was added in bricks to make building materials. The modern composite materialsage began with the introduction of particular fibrous reinforcement materials intothermosets phenollics in 1900’s. The first GRP was made in 1942. Reinforcementthermoplastic were virtually non-existent in early 1950’s but by 1990’ s reinforcementthermoplastic represented about one fourth of the total reinforced plastics & compositematerials.Scientists have started mixing materials with different properties in newway so as to make new materials which have , good properties of the constituents materialswithout having the inherent, weakness or disadvantages of the individual materials . Thesenew materials are called as composite materials. Composite materials are made by thecombining two or more than two dissimilar materials. A selected fillers or reinforcingagents & compatible matrix binder.(i.e. Resin) are combine in such a way that theresulting composite materials possess superior properties which are not obtained withsingle constituent materials.You may understand the nature of composite material by simply takingexample of day to day life such as concrete slab of our house. It is the most commoncomposite material in our day to day life. It consist of cement concrete and iron bars. Thecement gives protection to the iron bars , from adverse environmental condition & iron bars gives the strength, flexibility & stiffness to structure. The idea and principle is exactlyapplied in thermoplastic composites.
C.O.E.&T.,Akola1
 
Thermoplastic Composites
COMPOSITE MATERIALS 
.Thus composite material can be defined as multiphase material, formed bycombination of materials differing in composition which remain bonded together, butretain their identities & properties, without going into any chemical reaction.The composite material don’t dissolve but they are completely merge witheach other. They maintain an interface between each other & act in concrete to provideimproved specific or synergistic characteristic not obtainable by any of the originalcomponent acting singly.
CLASSIFICATION :
Composite materials are broadly classified into natural & syntheticcomposites. fig schematically shows the classification.
COMPOSITE MATERIALSSYNTHETIC COMPOSITESNATURAL COMPOSITESPHASE COMPOSITES LAYERED COMPOSITESFIBROUS FLAKE PARTICULATE LAMINATED SANDWICHCOMPOSITES COMPOSITES COMPOSITES COMPOSITES COMPOSITES
As seen in the phase composition which is generally alone in mostcomposite ingredients is inserts into the other material known as matrix.The classification based on the plastic matrix are thermoplastic & thermosetting.
C.O.E.&T.,Akola2
 
Thermoplastic Composites
CONSTITUENTS OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS.
The composite materials are made up of constituent materials which aregrouped as
 MATRIX  REINFORCEMENT  FIBRE MATRIX INTERPHASE  FILLERS 
MATRIX
:- It is also called as binder. The phase that receives the inserts in the phasecomposition is the continuous phase & is called as matrix.Ex. - polymer, ceramics, Metals.
REINFORCEMENT
:- These are materials which basically gives strength, stiffness &other mechanical properties to composite materials.Ex. – Glass, Boron, Jute fibres.
FIBER-MATRIX INTERPHASE
The interphase between the fiber and matrix can be easily identified ,itis the behaviour and property of interphase that generally control the properties of composites. The main role of interphase is to transmit and distribute the load on matrix tothe reinforcement.
FILLERS & ADDITIVES
Fillers are added is polymeric matrix for following reasons.1. Reduce cost 2. Increase stiffness. 3. Reduce mold shrinkage. 4. Control viscosity.5. Produce smooth surface.This fillers should be inert & their presence in a polymeric matrix.Should not affect the processing & polymerization.
C.O.E.&T.,Akola3

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