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Elephant utilization of riparian tree species and the use of TPCs in Mapungubwe National Park

Elephant utilization of riparian tree species and the use of TPCs in Mapungubwe National Park

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Faidherbia albida, Ficus sycomorus, and Acacia xanthophloea occur in the gallery forest near the Limpopo river of Mapungubwe National Park (MNP). These tree species are being heavily impacted (consumed and or toppled) by elephants. Because of the increased impact, MNP has established “Tresholds for Potential Concern” (TPC) measurement for riparian tree species. Annual surveys of the trees are conducted to determine whether or not they are reaching a TPC level. These trees are impacted by elephants differently as well as respond differently to the detriment caused by elephant. Mainly elephant stripping and breakage are the causes of decreased health within these species populations. Also, the forest canopy is becoming thinned. This change is capable of changing the species composition of the gallery forest system; canopy cover is also used as an indicator of forest degradation that arises from the shift from closed canopy to open canopy forest. In this study we evaluated the TPC established for elephant damage: 10% of trees of the indicator species are 50% ring-barked over any one year period, the TPC for that certain species is reached .
Faidherbia albida, Ficus sycomorus, and Acacia xanthophloea occur in the gallery forest near the Limpopo river of Mapungubwe National Park (MNP). These tree species are being heavily impacted (consumed and or toppled) by elephants. Because of the increased impact, MNP has established “Tresholds for Potential Concern” (TPC) measurement for riparian tree species. Annual surveys of the trees are conducted to determine whether or not they are reaching a TPC level. These trees are impacted by elephants differently as well as respond differently to the detriment caused by elephant. Mainly elephant stripping and breakage are the causes of decreased health within these species populations. Also, the forest canopy is becoming thinned. This change is capable of changing the species composition of the gallery forest system; canopy cover is also used as an indicator of forest degradation that arises from the shift from closed canopy to open canopy forest. In this study we evaluated the TPC established for elephant damage: 10% of trees of the indicator species are 50% ring-barked over any one year period, the TPC for that certain species is reached .

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Diana K. Guzmán Colón on Aug 10, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/03/2014

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