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arboviruses

arboviruses

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Published by: SUTHAN on May 30, 2009
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02/03/2013

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Arthropod-borne Viruses
An Overview
 
 
Arthropod-borne Viruses
Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) are viruses that can be transmittedto man by arthropod vectors. The WHO definition is as follows
“Viruses maintained in nature principally, or to an important extent, through biological transmission between susceptible vertebrate hosts byhaematophagus arthropods or through transovarian and possibly venerealtransmission in arthropods.
 
Arboviruses belong to three families1. Togaviruses e.g. EEE, WEE, and VEE2. Bunyaviruses e.g. Sandfly Fever, Rift Valley Fever, Crimean-CongoHaemorrhagic Fever 3. Flaviviruses e.g. Yellow Fever, dengue, Japanese Encephalitis
 
 
 Transmission Cycles
Man - arthropod -man
 
e.g. dengue, urban yellow fever.
Reservoir may be in either man or arthropod vector.
In the latter transovarial transmission may take place.
Animal - arthropod vector - man
 
e.g. Japanese encephalitis, EEE, WEE, jungle yellow fever.
The reservoir is in an animal.
The virus is maintained in nature in a transmission cycle involvingthe arthropod vector and animal. Man becomes infectedincidentally.
Both cycles may be seen with some arboviruses such as yellow fever.

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