Alvin T. Claridades’ Legal & Jurisprudential Lexicon
shall neglect their children by not givingthem the education which their station inlife require and financial conditions per-mit. [Art. 277, RPC].
Abandonment of office or position.
1.Crim. Law. The felony committed by anypublic officer who, before the ac-ceptance of his resignation, shall aban-don his office to the detriment of thepublic service. [Art. 238, RPC]. 2. Ad-min. Law. The voluntary relinquishmentof an office by the holder, with the inten-tion of terminating his possession andcontrol thereof. [Sang. Bayan of San Andres, Catanduanes v. CA, GR118883. Jan. 16, 1998]. 3. A species of resignation; while resignation in generalis a formal relinquishment, abandon-ment is a voluntary relinquishmentthrough nonuser. [Ibid.].
Abandonment of person in danger andabandonment of one's own victim.
Crim. Law. The felony committed by anyone who shall fail to render assistanceto any person whom he shall find in anuninhabited place wounded or in danger of dying, when he can render such as-sistance without detriment to himself,unless such omission shall constitute amore serious offense; or by anyone whoshall fail to help or render assistance toanother whom he has accidentallywounded or injured; or by anyone who,having found an abandoned child under 7 years of age, shall fail to deliver saidchild to the authorities or to his family, or shall fail to take him to a safe place. [Art.275, RPC].
Abandonment of the thing.
It consists of the voluntary renunciation of all therights which a person may have in athing, with the intent to lose such thing.By virtue of the abandonment, the thingis left without owner or possessor. To beeffective, it is necessary that it be madeby a possessor in the concept of owner.[Tolentino, Civ. Code of the Phils., Vol.II, Repr. 2001, p. 304].
Abandonment of the wife.
To constituteabandonment of the wife by the hus-band, as the term is used in Art. 178 of the Civ. Code, there must be absolutecessation of marital relations and dutiesand rights, with the intention of perpetu-al separation. The abandonment mustnot only be physical estrangement butalso amount to financial and moral de-sertion. [Dela Cruz v. Dela Cruz, GR L-19565. Jan. 30, 1968].
Abandonment of work.
Labor. Essentialrequirements: (a) Failure to report for work or absence without valid or justifia-ble reason; and (b) clear intention tosever the employer-employee relation-ship x x x manifested by some overtacts. [Henlin Panay Co. v. NLRC, GR180718, Oct. 23, 2009].
Abandonment of work.
Labor. The delib-erate, unjustified refusal of the employ-ee to resume his employment. The bur-den of proof is on the employer to showa clear and deliberate intent on the partof the employee to discontinue employ-ment without any intention of returning.Mere absence is not sufficient. [FRF En-terprise v. NLRC, GR 105998. Apr. 21,1995].
To do away with a problem, suchas a public or private nuisance or somestructure built contrary to public policy.
1. A reduction in someamount that is owed, usu. granted bythe person to whom the debt is owed. 2.