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State Dept. cable: "Lobo Administration At One-Year Mark"

State Dept. cable: "Lobo Administration At One-Year Mark"

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11/03/2013

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UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2011-02922 Date: 04/03/2012
28
ACTION STR-00
INFO LOG-00
DOEE-00EUR-00MOFM-00OMB-00DOHS-00DSCC-00PESU-00
EEB-00 AF-00
DOTE-00 WHA-00
FAAE-00 H-00
MOF-00
CP-00
NIMA-00 PA-00
FMPC-00 IRM-00
PRM-00 DRL-00
SEEE-00 SANA-00
AID-00 GHFS-00 INL-00
PERC-00 DS-00 DHSE-00
TEDE-00 INR-00 10-00NRC-00 NSAE-00 ISN-00MCC-00 GIWI-00 MA-00
SSO-00 SS-00 CBP-00
NFAT-00 SAS-00 FA-00
/000W
6CC88 202138Z /38
DODE-00AVC-00L-00OES-00ISNE-00SCRS-00SWCI-00R 202137Z DEC 10FM AMEMBASSY TEGUCIGALPATO SECSTATE WASHDC 1538INFO DIA WASHINGTON DCNATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL WASHINGTONCDR JTF-BRAVODEPT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON DCDEPT OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON DCCIA WASHINGTON DCAMEMBASSY TEGUCIGALPADEPT OF TREASURY WASHINGTON DCSOUTHCOM LESS MIAMI FLS E C R E T TEGUCIGALPA 000969
DC
RELEASED IN PART
Bl, 1.4(B), 1.4(D)
NOFORNSTATE FOR USTRE.O. 13526: DECL: 2020/12/20TAGS: PGOV, PHUM, PREL, ECONETRD, SNAR, MARR, HOSUBJECT: Lobo Administration, KDEM, BEXP, EAID, ECIN, EFIN, ENRGAt One-Year Mark
B1
REF: A) TEGUCIGALPA 933; B) TEGUCIGALPA 857; C) TEGUCIGALPA 765;D) TEGUCIGALPAH) TEGUCIGALPAK) TEGUCIGALPAN) TEGUCIGALPA
1
2)
TEGUCIGALPAT) TEGUCIGALPACLASSIFIED BY:1.4(B), (D)507; E) TEGUCIGALPA 412; F) STATE 37419; G) TEGUCIGALPA 219;753; I) TEGUCIGALPA 829; J) TEGUCIGALPA 279;945; L) TEGUCIGALPA 738; M) TEGUCIGALPA 928;1006; 0) TEGUCIGALPA 440; P) TEGUCIGALPA 505;1030; R) TEGUCIGALPA 429; S) TEGUCIGALPA 359;659; U) TEGUCIGALPA 874; V) TEGUCIGALAPA 1036;Hugo Llorens, Ambassador, State, Executive; REASON:1. (C) Summary: President Porfirio Lobo will have completed oneyear in office on January 27, 2011. President Lobo took office ata historical juncture: the coup d'etat of June 28, 2009 and ensuingpolitical crisis had deeply polarized Honduran society. As a
REVIEW AUTHORITY: Alan Flanigan, Senior ReviewerClassification Extended - Class: SECRET - Reason:01.4(B), 1.4(D), B1 - Declassify on:
12/19/2030
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2011-02922 Date: 04/03/2012
 
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State
Case"'
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result of the coup, Honduras was
o
UNCT
,ASSIFIF,D
ernationaldemocratic community of nations.
in acauscson, cne
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administration inherited a major economic and fiscal crisis and asevere domestic security situation. Honduras has made significantprogress in achieving macroeconomic stability, strengtheninggovernance, promoting national reconciliation, building diplomaticbridges to a broad swathe of nations, adopting policies andmeasures to combat domestic security and organized crime, and
restoring civilian control of the military. The major challenges
still facing the Lobo administration are the return to Honduras offormer President Jose Manuel "Mel" Zelaya who was ousted in thecoup, the reintegration of Honduras into the Organization ofAmerican States (OAS), and a strengthening of the human rightsprotections regime; in practice, these two issues are linked.Overall, we also believe that the U.S. has worked well andsuccessfully with the Lobo administration encouraging Honduras tomove on a clear democratic path, strengthening cooperation onsecurity issues under the Merida-CARSI initiative, and adopting amatrix of stabilization and pro-growth economic policies. We willcontinue to focus on these key areas and continue to advocate formore actions in dealing with the problems of impunity, corruption
and human rights. End summary.
2. (C) President Porfirio Lobo will have been in office for oneyear on January 27, 2011. When he took office, only seven monthshad elapsed since the June 28, 2009 coup d'etat. The countryPresident Lobo took charge of was deeply polarized; the de factoregime had refused to step down before Lobo's inauguration(although regime leader Roberto Micheletti did not attend theinauguration ceremony) and President Jose Manuel "Mel" Zelaya wasin refuge in the Brazilian Embassy. Zelaya had rejected theTegucigalpa-San Jose Accord after Micheletti attempted tounilaterally set up the national unity government provided for inthe Accord. In addition, Honduras had been expelled from the OASand few nations recognized the Government of Honduras (GOH). Therewas a serious deterioration in the human rights situation in thewake of the coup d'etat. Reported allegations of human rightsviolations following the coup d'etat included arbitrary arrests,disproportionate use of force such as beatings and incidentsresulting in the loss of life, infringements of freedom ofexpression by individuals and the media, threats againstjournalists and regime opponents, and an erosion in the littleprotection that existed for vulnerable communities such as women,the indigenous, and lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT)persons.Governance and National Reconciliation
UNCLASSIFIED
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2011-02922 Date: 04/03/2012
 
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-0111
_
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3.
C) President Lobo quickly took ste
ptINCI
,ASSIFIF,D
:ermath
of the coup d'etat. He escorted Presid--,
Brazilian Embassy in Tegucigalpa and arranged for his departure tothe Dominican Republic in the company of Dominican RepublicPresident Leonel Fernandez, who had come to Honduras to attendPresident Lobo's inauguration. President Lobo also used hisinaugural ceremony to publicly sign a decree approved by theNational Congress the day before, January 26, granting amnesty tothose on both sides of the political divide who committed thepolitical crimes of treason, crimes against the form of government,terrorism, and sedition between January 1, 2008 and January 27,2010. President Lobo implemented the provisions of theTegucigalpa-San Jose Accord; he created a government of nationalunity by appointing members of all five established politicalparties to his cabinet and he created and launched a Truth andReconciliation Commission on May 4, 2010.
4.
C) President Lobo's National Party has a center-rightideological base, but President Lobo has governed from the centerand has promoted national reconciliation. In his inauguraladdress, President Lobo stated that he would be "the president forall Hondurans, including those who voted for me, those who votedagainst me, and those who did not vote... because Honduras is allof us." President Lobo has not been capital bound and has beenremarkably active travelling throughout the country conducting townhall meetings to make his fellow citizens aware of the GOH's2010-2022 National Plan and 2010-2038 Vision for the Countrydocuments and to hear their concerns. President Lobo on October 1made a public call for all political and social groups in thecountry to enter into a broad dialogue.
5.
U) The government of President Lobo expressed its commitment totransparency and accountability by declaring 2010 the Year ofTransparency and enacting an executive decree on February 23 signedby all members of the cabinet pledging their adherence to anethical pact. President Lobo and his cabinet also underscored thiscommitment by appearing in person at the Superior AccountingTribunal to file the sworn statements of their property and assetsas required by law.
6.
C) The human rights situation has measurably improved comparedto the period of the de facto regime; however, there are stillchallenges to strengthening the human rights situation. There havebeen allegations that certain individuals continue to be targetedfor their political views and nine journalists have been killed in2010.
B1
Theineffectiveness of law enforcement and the nation's administrationof justice system to effectively investigate crimes has contributedto an atmosphere of impunity in the country. On the positive side,
UNCLASSIFIED
UNCLASSIFIED U.S. Department of State Case No. F-2011-02922 Date: 04/03/2012

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