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The Road to Revolution

The Road to Revolution

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Published by irregularflowers
A table chronicling the major American and British actions that led to the American Revolution
A table chronicling the major American and British actions that led to the American Revolution

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Published by: irregularflowers on May 31, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/12/2011

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British ActionRationaleColonial ReactionRationaleProclamation of 1763-created a boundary line alongthe crest of the AppalachianMountains after the SevenYears War -Britain wanted to deter whitefarmers from moving west,which would spark conflictswith the local Indians. Thiswould mean that they wouldhave to keep fewer soldiers inthe colonies and spend lessmoney on their defense.Resentment and failure tocomply-the colonists felt the Britainwas imposing on their rightsto own land-They felt that their growing population required more land-economic opportunity for lower classes-Many American soldiers haddied in defense of that landSugar Act- a duty of 3 pence per gallon on Frenchmolasses, allowing Britishmolasses to compete withFrench molasses withoutdestroying the colonies’export and distillingindustries-Grenville wanted areplacement for the MolassesAct-It was a means of repayingthe debt incurred by theBritish during the SevenYears War Boston experimented with boycotts. Some refused toaccept the act by smuggling.-They feared a rise in the price of molasses.-Thought that it would wipeout their trade with the Frenchsugar islands-they thought that itcontradicted the constitution-first time the colonists actedin unisonCurrency Act- banned the useof paper money throughoutthe colonies. Americanswould have to pay their debtswith British currency, foreigncoins, or bills of exchange-It would protect the financialinterests of British merchantsin America-The colonies had been over- printing their money andforcing people to accept it atits face valueSmoldering resentment. Thesouthern colonies needed themost cash. United the northand south against Britain-Parliament had seizedcontrol of the colonialmonetary system fromAmerican coloniesStamp Act- required stampson printed material (letters,legal documents, newspapers,cards)-Offset the cost of keepingBritish troops in AmericaPetitions, boycotts, violence.Vandalism, death threatsagainst tax collectors. Theacts angered the middle class.They had the worst impact inthe NE colonies, which werefull of lawyers whose job wasnow taxed-They felt that they were notadequately represented inParliament-It was an internal tax,meaning that the colonistswere being taxed on their owngoods. This made it feel moreinvasive.Repeal of the Stamp Act and passage of the DeclaratoryAct- stated that Parliamenthad the right to tax thecolonies-British merchants favored itsrepeal because the colonial boycotts of British goods hadcaused a drastic decrease intheir sales.-Rockingham repealed it toassist British merchants andmodify colonial opinion withrespect to taxationRejoicing over the repeal;ignoring Declaratory ActThey felt like they had wonTownshend Duties- imposedduties on paper, paints, glass,and tea. Part of the moneywould be used to defraymilitary expenses but themajority would go towardsthe salaries of governors, judges, and imperial officials-Intended to provide royalofficials with a guaranteedincome, freeing their salariesfrom the controls of thecolonial assemblies andenabling them to enforceParliament’s laws and royaldirectives.Boycotts, petitions,newspaper attacks-posed a threat to Americanautonomy.-revived the colonial debateabout taxation-the measures were notdesigned to regulate trade butto bring revenue to theimperial governmentTea Act- provided thecompany with a governmentloan and eliminated customsduties on their tea, enablingthem to sell it at a lower priceand giving them a monopolyof the American tea market-provide financial relief for the British East IndiaCompany, which was deeplyin debt because of mismanagement and militaryexpeditions-Thought it would pave theway for other leviesProtest, Boston Tea Party,Boston Massacre, boycott.The Americans had a naturaldistaste for standing armies,and many tea merchantsresented the new monopolyand being out of a job-Patriots accused the ministryof using low prices to bribeAmericans to give up their opposition to Parliamentarytaxation-prevented the East IndiaCompany from landing newshipmentsQuartering Act of 1774-required the colony to build barracks or accommodateForcing MA into submissionProtest in assembliesAmericans resented the ideaof standing armies

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