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Yearbook British Cactus & Succulent Society - Bradleya 23-2005

Yearbook British Cactus & Succulent Society - Bradleya 23-2005

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Bradleya 23/200541
Summary
: This paper provides expandeddescriptions and an evaluation of the currentthreats and conservation status of the
 Discocactus
(Cactaceae) species that occur in thestate of Bahia, Brazil. This study is based onobservations of 17 natural populations embrac-ing the majority of the taxa described for thestate, and on the results of an investigation of morphological and genetic relationships amongindividuals within these populations, totalling337 individuals analysed. Morphological andgenetic evidence corroborates the view thatthree species occur in the state:
 D. bahiensis
,
 D.catingicola
and
 D. zehntneri
, the latter with twosubspecies,
zehntneri
and
boomianus
.
Zusammenfassung 
: Der Beitrag umfasstergänzte Beschreibungen und eine Evaluationder gegenwärtigen Gefährdung und desGefährdungsstatus’der im brasilianischenBundesstaat Bahia vorkommenden Arten von
 Discocactus.
Die Untersuchung basiert auf Beobachtungen an 17 natürlichen Populationender Mehrheit der für den Bundesstaatbeschriebenen Taxa, und auf den Resultateneiner Untersuchung der morphologischen undgenetischen Verwandtschaften zwischen denIndividuen dieser Populationen; insgesamtwurden 337 Individuen analysiert.Morphologische wie genetische Merkmalestützen die Sicht, dass in Bahia die folgendendrei Arten vorkommen:
 D. bahiensis
,
 D. catingi-cola
und
 D. zehntneri
, der zuletzt genannte mitden beiden Unterarten
zehntneri
und
boomianus.Resumo
: Este artigo contêm descriçõesexpandidas e uma avaliação das ameaças eestado de conservação das espécies de
 Discocactus
(Cactaceae) que ocorrem no estadoda Bahia, Brasil. Este estudo se baseia naobservação de 17 populações naturais englobandoa maioria dos táxons descritos para o estado, enos resultados de uma investigação das relaçõesmorfológicas e genéticas entre indivíduos destaspopulações, totalizando 337 indivíduosanalisados. Evidências morfológicas e genéticascorroboram o reconhecimento de três espéciespara o estado:
 D. bahiensis
,
 D. catingicola
e
 D.zehntneri
, a última com duas subespécies,
zehntneri
e
boomianus
.
Introduction
 Discocactus
is a genus of small cacti character-ized by having a discoid to depressed-globose,single or caespitose habit, the fertile part of thestem differentiated into a terminal cephalium,nocturnal white flowers of sphingophilous syn-drome, fruits dehiscing by lateral slits and seedswith a strongly tuberculated testa. The genus isalmost completely restricted to Brazil with onlythree taxa occurring in bordering areas of Boliviaand Paraguay. In Brazil its distribution embracesthe Northern, Central-Western, Northeasternand Southeastern regions of the country.
Bradleya 23/2005
pages 41 – 56
Taxonomy and conservation of the
 Discocactus
Pfeiff.(Cactaceae) species occurring in the state of Bahia, Brazil
Marlon C. Machado
1
*, Daniela C. Zappi 
 2
 , Nigel P. Taylor 
 2
 and Eduardo L. Borba
1
1
Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana, Rodovia BR 116, km03, Feira de Santana, Bahia, CEP 44031-460, Brazil.
2
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9 3AB, UK.* Corresponding author, current address: University of Zürich, Institute of Systematic Botany, Zollikerstrasse107, CH-8008 Zürich, Switzerland (email: marlonmachado@brcactaceae.org).

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