61 million people live in Italy (2011)
Roma (Rome), which is often called "Eternal City", with 3.57 million inhabitantsand
Italy’s biggest city.
Repubblica Italiana (Italian Republic), Nickname: "Bel Paese" which meansbeautiful country.
Italian as well as German, French and Ladin in some regions in Northern Italy.
mainly Christians (Roman Catholics 90%)
The colors represent these virtues: hope (green), faith (white), and charity (red).The first advanced civilization to settle in the land of Italy was the Greeks in the 8thcentury BC. They set up colonies along the coast of southern Italy and on the island of Sicily.About the same time in the 8th century BC, a small agricultural community was formingon the west coast of Italy. Rome, together with Greek culture, would become influentialin forming much of today's western civilization including philosophy, art, and law.In 345 AD, the Roman Empire was divided into the Western Roman Empire and theEastern Roman Empire. Italy was part of the Western Empire which collapsed around