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Sephardic Jews 2006 Magazine Issue

Sephardic Jews 2006 Magazine Issue

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A 2006 issue of a magazine that describes the history of the Sephardic Jews.
A 2006 issue of a magazine that describes the history of the Sephardic Jews.

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Published by: Cibeles Jolivette Gonzalez on May 31, 2009
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 Activating God’s Love for Israel
“‘Comfort,Comfort My People!’ Says Your God.” 
September - October 2006Elul-Tishrei-Cheshvan 5766-5767
September - October 2006 • Elul-Tishrei-Cheshvan 5766 -5767Page 2
The Jerusalem Connection
 The Golden Age of Spanish Jewry 
he tenth to twelfth centuriesare known as the Golden Ageof Spanish Jewry, and areoften regarded as the closest parallel in Jewish history to the contemporary golden age of American-Jewish life.During these three centuries, many  Jews were invited to hold high govern-ment positions, and Jewish religiousand cultural life flourished …Several great Jewish poets andphilosophers flourished in the Golden Age, and the most renowned of whom was the poet and philosopher JudahHalevi. A half-century before Halevilived the poet and philosopherSolomon ibn Gabirol possessed keenpsychological antennae in
 Pearls of Wisdom
. … The outstanding figure of the Golden Age’s last period was Abraham ibn Ezra, a Bible scholar whose commentary on the Torah is stillstudied by religious Jews.Even the Golden Age, however, hadits share of dross. In 1066, there was ananti-Semitic outburst against Joseph ibnNagdela, the rather haughty vizier of theking of Granada. Rumors were spread by  Joseph’s enemies that he was plotting tobetray the kingdom of its enemies, andtake over the kingship…The Granadansthen launched an enormous pogrom; by the time it was over, close to four thou-sand Jews were dead. Nevertheless, inthe rest of Spain, Jewish life flourishedfor almost another century.Unfortunately, when the Golden Age of Spanish Jewry did end, it was with a bang, not a whimper. In thetwelfth century, the Muslim Almohades, who had come to power inNorth Africa, gained control of Spain.Suddenly, the prosperous and success-ful Jewish community found itself con-fronted with three unpalatable alterna-tives: conversion to Islam, exile, ordeath. There were subsequentimprovements in the condition of Spanish Jewry, but the process that would culminate with the expulsion of Spanish Jews in 1492 had already begun.
From “Jewish Literacy: The Most ImportantThings to know about the Jewish Religion,Its People, and Its History” by Rabbi JosephTelushkin, p. 173-174
Join the Anusim Track on the Nov. 8-20, 2006Solidarity Tour to Israel with Doña GraciaSerrano Fenn, Rosemary Schindler and WorldExpress Travel. Call 1-800-441-8908 or emailinfo@SephardimHope.org .
I have been playing "Obadiah 20"...I reallyenjoy your CD the more I play it. It isexcellent! I find myself wanting to listen to itmore often and will air a song here and thereto play it to our listeners...
—Ed Ordaz, www.wstw.fm
 And the exiles shall return...Resources for the awakening Anusim...
Traditional & Contemporary Sephardic Music, CD’s
Tours to
srael and Spain
 g E
nusim Center in
   N e w   R e  l e a s e  !
Order from our Sephardic Anusim resource site: www.SephardimHope.org or call (408) 422-5498
nusim Center
rand openin
Grace Fenn is a treasure! Her exceptional voice and thebeautiful Sephardic melodies shesings bring to life the promises of the Scriptures to along-persecuted peoples...
—Gen. Shimon Erem, decorated Israeli General
September - October 2006 • Elul-Tishrei-Cheshvan 5766-5767
The Jerusalem Connection
Page 3
On The Cover:
The Sephardic Jews
(Photo copyright Israel Ministry ofTourism)
The Jerusalem Connection, Int’l.
P.O. Box 20295, Washington, DC 20041Tel. 703-707-0014 Fax: 703-707-9514E-mail: tjci@tjci.org
On the web: www.tjci.org
Rev. James M. Hutchens, Ph.D., Editor &Publisher
Chaplain (Brigadier General) U.S. Army (Ret.)
Shelley Neese
Managing Editor
Advisory Board
Senator William L. ArmstrongMichael L. Brown Ph.D. -
President ICN Ministries
Senator Jim BunningPaul G. Cerjan -
Lieutenant General, USA (Ret)
Rev. Richard Cizik
Vice President for Governmental Affairs for theNational Association of Evangelicals
The Hon. Lawrence S. Eagleburger
Former Secretary of State
MK Rabbi Benny Elon
Member The Knesset of Israel
General Shimon Erem (Ret.)
Pres. The Israel-Christian Nexus
Ambassador Yoram Ettinger
President, US-Israel Opportunities, LTD
Dr. Arthur F. Glasser
Dean Emeritus, Fuller Theological Seminary School ofIntercultural Studies
Ted Haggard
President, The National Association of Evangelicals
Jane A. Hansen
President/CEO Aglow International
Morton A. Klein
National President, Zionist Organization of America (ZOA)
Bill Koenig
President,Koenig International News
Rabbi Daniel Lapin -
President of Toward Tradition
Esther Levens
President & CEO, The National Unity Coalition for Israel
Michael D. Little
President-COO, The Christian Broadcasting Network Inc.
Nina May
- Chairman, The Renaissance Foundation
Rabbi Dr. Gerald M. Meister
Advisor at the Foreign Ministry of Israel for Israel-Christian Affairs
Major General Sir LaurenceNew
President, Association of Military ChristianFellowship
Thomas Neumann
Executive Director, Jewish Institute for Nat. Securities Affairs
Janet Parshall -
Syndicated radio talk show hostess
Rosemary Schindler, President -
Schindler’s Ark
Robert Sterns -
President, Eagles Wings
MK Dr Yuri Shtern
Member The Knesset of Israel, Chair:The KnessetChristian Allies Caucus
John W. Swails III, Ph.D.
Chair, Dept. of History, Humanities & GovernmentOral Roberts University
Herbert Zwelbon
Chairman, Americans For A Safe Israel
The articles and advertisements printed in The Jerusalem Connectionexpress the views of their individual authors, and they do not neces-sarily represent the views of the Editor or that of the Board of TheJerusalem Connection, Int’l. The printing of articles or advertising inThe Jerusalem Connection does not necessarily imply either endorse-ment or agreement. Scripture quotations are from the NIV version ofthe Bible unless otherwise stated.The Jerusalem Connection, Int’l is a non-profit organization under 501(c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code, and is exempt from Federalincome tax. Gifts are tax-deductible charitable contributions. TheJerusalem Connection, Int’l was incorporated in the Commonwealth ofVirginia on July 13, 1995, as a non-stock corporation. A financial state-ment is available from the State Division of Consumer Affairs in theVirginia Dept. of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Richmond, VA.
© 2006 The Jerusalem Connection, InternationalISSN 1088-2000
Table of Contents
2Golden Age of Spanish Jewry3 Differences in SephardicReligious Practices
4For the Record
5Definition of Terms6 Defining Moments in 3,000Years of Sephardic History6Origins of Sephardic Jews8Destination:The New World11 Columbus and his Passengers12 Obadiah’s Vision14 Obadiah’s Prophecy18 A Quick Explanation of Ladino19 Saving Souls throughTorturing Bodies20 The Cyrus Legacy Lives On22 Jews in Mexico, a Struggle forSurvival26 Hidden Heritage28 Sephardic Hall of Fame34 The Church’s Role35 Texas Crypto-Jews Return toJudaism
36Hebrew for the Goyim
37 Recommended Reading38 Ode to Zion
Differences in
Religious Practices
 Jewish Virtual Library 
ephardic and Ashkenazi Jewsshare the same tenets of Judaism,follow the Babylonian Talmudand the Shulkhan Arukh. Differencesarise in customs and in liturgy. Forexample, on Passover, Sephardic Jewseat kitnyot, rice and corn products. Also, at many Sephardic sedars, thefather will reenact the experience of gaining freedom by circling the sedartable and holding a symbolic bag overhis shoulder.Other differences exist in the way Sephardic Jews wind their tefillinstraps outwards, whereas Ashkenazi Jews wind the tefillin inwards.Sephardic grooms are honored with analiyah to the Torah on the Shabbatafter their wedding, whereas Ashkenazigrooms are called up to the Torah theShabbat before the wedding.Sephardic Torah scrolls are usually stored in a large wooden cylinder, whichstands erect when opened. The parch-ment is in an upright position when read, whereas, Ashkenazi scrolls just have anembroidered cover and the scrolls areread while lying flat on a table.Sephardic liturgy uses the same basicprayers, but add different psalms andpoems. The prayer, Ein Keloyheinu, isrecited at the Saturday morning servic-es for both Sephardic and Ashkenazic Jews, however, it is also read daily by Sephardic Jews. Sephardim also use adifferent cantillation for reading the Torah and different melodies forprayers. All Sephardic synagogues aretraditional, women are seated separate-ly, typically in a balcony.

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