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Influence of Gibberellic Acid on Citrus Fruits

Influence of Gibberellic Acid on Citrus Fruits

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INFLUENCE OF GIBBERELLIC ACID ON CITRUS FRUITS
INFLUENCE OF GIBBERELLIC ACID ON CITRUS FRUITS

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Dr.Eswara Reddy Siddareddy on Aug 12, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/12/2013

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I N F L U E N C E O F G I B B E R E L L I C A C I D O N C I T R U S F R U I T R I P E N I N G    S . E S W A R A R E D D Y    P l a n t G r o w t h r e g u l a t o r s a r e w i d e l y u s e d i n t r e e f r u i t p r o d u c t i o n . T h e y p r o d u c e   m a n y b e n e f i c i a l e f f e c t s o n b o t h t r e e s a n d f r u i t . M a n y r e s e a r c h e s s e e k t o e x p a n d t h e r a n g e   o f u s e f u l r e s p o n s e s o f f r u i t t r e e s a n d f r u i t s t h e m s e l v e s t o p l a n t g r o w t h r e g u l a t o r s b y   c o n d u c t i n g t r i a l s o f n e w p r o d u c t s a s w e l l a s n e w r e s e a r c h d i r e c t i o n s a l r e a d y a v a i l a b l e f o r  u s e i n t h e t r e e f r u i t i n d u s t r y . T h e u s e o f g i b b e r e l l i c a c i d ( G A ) i s o n e o f t h e m o s t e f f e c t i v e   m a n a g e m e n t t o o l s a v a i l a b l e t o c i t r u s g r o w e r s t o i m p r o v e r i n d q u a l i t y a n d d e l a y r i n d   a g i n g . A p p r o p r i a t e u s e o f G A c a n r e s u l t i n b e t t e r p a c k o u t s a n d m a r k e t o u t t u r n s C i t r u s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s n o n - c l i m a c t e r i c f r u i t ; h o w e v e r , a r o l e f o r e t h y l e n e d u r i n g   r i p e n i n g , a n d i n p a r t i c u l a r i n c h l o r o p h y l l b r e a k d o w n d u r i n g f r u i t c o l o r - b r e a k , i s w e l l  e s t a b l i s h e d . W h i l e e t h y l e n e i s b e i n g u s e d f o r t h e l a s t h a l f c e n t u r y t o s t i m u l a t e c o l o r  c h a n g e i n c i t r u s f r u i t s d u r i n g p o s t - h a r v e s t s t o r a g e , i n c o n t r a s t , G A    
3   
p a r t l y c o u n t e r a c t s t h e   e t h y l e n e - i n d u c e d i n c r e a s e i n c h l o r o p h y l l a s e , d e l a y i n g d e - g r e e n i n g . E x t e r n a l f r u i t  r i p e n i n g i s d e p e n d e n t u p o n t h e c o n v e r s i o n o f c h l o r o - t o c h r o m o p l a s t a n d i n v o l v e s t h e    p r o g r e s s i v e l o s s o f c h l o r o p h y l l s a n d t h e g a i n o f c a r o t e n o i d s , c h a n g i n g p e e l c o l o r f r o m     g r e e n t o o r a n g e . C h l a s e p l a s t i d l o c a l i z a t i o n , e x p r e s s i o n k i n e t i c s , a n d t h e n e g a t i v e   c o r r e l a t i o n w i t h c h l o r o p h y l l l e v e l s s u p p o r t t h e c e n t r a l r o l e o f t h e e n z y m e i n c h l o r o p h y l l  

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