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Stop-and-Frisk Opinion: Floyd v. New York City

Stop-and-Frisk Opinion: Floyd v. New York City

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Published by Staci Zaretsky
Stop-and-Frisk Opinion: Floyd v. New York City
Stop-and-Frisk Opinion: Floyd v. New York City

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Published by: Staci Zaretsky on Aug 12, 2013
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08/18/2013

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Case 1:08-cv-01034-SAS-HBP Document 373 Filed 08/12/13 Page 1 of 198
 
a.Overview of Key Issues................................49b.Competing Benchmarks...............................49c.Findings Based on Dr. Fagans Analyses..................58C.Institutional Evidence of Deliberate Indifference.......................601.Early Notice: the 1999 AG Report.............................612.Pressure to Increase Stops....................................64a.Compstat: Pressure on Commanders.....................64b.Evidence of Pressure in Survey Data.....................67c.Further Evidence of Pressure on Officers.................71i.Pressure Before the 2010 Quota Law...............71ii.Pressure After 2010 Quota Law...................77d.Conclusion..........................................813.Targeting the Right People.................................814.Inadequate Monitoring and Supervision........................89a.Inadequate Documentation and Document Review.........89b. Inadequate Supervision................................955.Partially Inadequate Training................................996.Inadequate Discipline......................................1057.Ongoing Notice of Constitutional Violations....................111D.Individual Stops.................................................1171.Unconstitutional Stop and Frisk..............................119a.Leroy Downs........................................119i.Findings of Fact...............................119ii.Mixed Findings of Fact and Law.................122b.Devin Almonor......................................124i.Findings of Fact...............................124ii.Mixed Findings of Fact and Law.................127c.Cornelio McDonald..................................128i.Findings of Fact...............................128ii.Mixed Findings of Fact and Law.................132d.Nicholas Peart August 5, 2006.......................133i.Findings of Fact...............................133ii.Mixed Findings of Fact and Law.................136e.Nicholas Peart April 13, 2011 Stop...................138i.Findings of Fact...............................138ii.Mixed Findings of Fact and Law.................139f.Ian Provost.........................................140i.Findings of Fact...............................140ii.Mixed Findings of Fact and Law.................144g.David Ourlicht January 30, 2008 Stop................145i.Findings of Fact...............................145ii.Mixed Findings of Fact and Law.................148h.Clive Lino February 5, 2008 Stop....................149i.Findings of Fact...............................149ii.Mixed Findings of Fact and Law.................153
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Case 1:08-cv-01034-SAS-HBP Document 373 Filed 08/12/13 Page 2 of 198
 
i.Lalit Clarkson......................................154i.Findings of Fact...............................154ii.Mixed Findings of Fact and Law.................1562.Unconstitutional Frisk Only.................................156a.Dominique Sindayiganza..............................156i.Findings of Fact...............................157ii.Mixed Findings of Law and Fact.................160b.David Floyd April 20, 2007 Stop.....................161i.Findings of Fact...............................161ii.Mixed Finding of Fact and Law..................163c.David Floyd February 27, 2008 Stop..................163i.Findings of Fact...............................163ii.Mixed Findings of Fact and Law.................166d.Clive Lino February 24, 2011 Stop...................167i.Findings of Fact...............................167ii.Mixed Findings of Fact and Law.................170e.Deon Dennis........................................171i. Findings of Fact...............................171ii.Mixed Findings of Fact and Law.................1733.Failure of Proof...........................................174a.John Doe Stops of Nicholas Peart in Spring 2008 and February2010 and David Ourlicht in February and June 2008......174b.Kristianna Acevedo Stop..............................175c.Clive Lino August 3, 2008..........................177V.CONCLUSIONS OF LAW..............................................177A.The City Is Liable for Violations of Plaintiffs’ Fourth Amendment Rights...............................................................1771.Deliberate Indifference.....................................1782.Widespread Practice.......................................180B.The City Is Liable for Violations of Plaintiffs’ Fourteenth AmendmentRights.........................................................1811.Policy of Indirect Racial Profiling............................181a.Intentionally Discriminatory Application of a Facially Neutral Policy...................................................182b.Express Classification................................185c. Conclusion.........................................1882.Deliberate Indifference.....................................189VI.CONCLUSION.......................................................192
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Case 1:08-cv-01034-SAS-HBP Document 373 Filed 08/12/13 Page 3 of 198

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