A CHINESE BIN S MAPUAL
Since the 1950% China has experimented with the productionof biogas from agricultural wastes, a practice based upon anage-ofii Chinese tradition of cornposting human, animal andpiant wastes to produce an organic fertilizer of high quality.The breakthrough came in 1975 when a process was developedto ferment the materials in an airtight and watertight containerin order to produce methane gas. This was then collected foruse as fuel for motors, cooking and lighting.The production of biogas, which is regarded in manycountries as a by-product of an efficient system of energyproduction, has become in China a comprehensive, controrlledmethod of waste disposal, recycling resources, supplying energyand fertilizer and improving rural health, as the digesting ofwastes in a closed container kills many of the pathogensresponsible for common human diseases.There are already approximately seven million biogas pits inoperation, with Sichuan (Szechuan) province leading thecountry in a movement to extend the practice throughout thecountryside. This manual describes in detail how to build thepit, and covers a full range of designs to suit various soilsfrom sandstone to sheer rock. It also includes a description ofhow the original manual was used.Ariane van Buren, who edited the manual, works as a ResearchAssociate at the International Institute for Environment andDevelopment in London, on energy problems in development.She is editing several further manuals on rural water I apply inChina, the result of research trips to China and her study ofthe language. Her other publications include A Low EnergyStrategy for the United Kingdom and Nuclear or Not?Choices for our energy future.Leo Pyle, the Technical Editor, is a Senior Lecturer inChemical Engineering at :I mperial College, London. He hasworked in Latin America, Africa and Asia where his mainresearch interest has been technological development in ruralareas, He is also Chairman of the Biomass panel of theIntermediate Technology Development Group.Michael Crook was born and brought up in the People’sRepublic 04 China. After gaining a degree in astrophysics atQueen Mary College, London, he returned to Peking where heteaches English to scientists and translates English andChinese scientific literature.
ISBN 0 903031 65 5