(ACE Engg. Academy
Hyderabad, Vijayawada ,New Delhi, Bangalore, Bhubaneswar & Visakhapatnam)
Each of the next Ten(10) itemsconsists of two statements, onelabell
ed as the ‘Statement (I)’ and theother as ‘Statement (II)’. You are to
examine these two statements carefullyand select the answers to these itemsusing the codes given below:
(a)Both Statement (I) and Statement(II) are individually true andStatement(II) is the correctexplanation of Statement (I).(b)Both Statement (I) and Statement(II) are individually true butStatement (II) is
the correctexplanation ofStatement (I).(c)Statement (I) is a true butStatement (I) is false.(d)Statement (I) is false butStatement (II) is true01.
The Dielectric constantof a substance, under the influence of alternating electric fields is, in general,
a ‘complex’ quantity.
The ‘imaginary’ part
of the Dielectric constant is a measureof the dielectric loss in the substance.
A large number of metals become super-conductingbelow acertain temperaturewhich ischaracteristic of the particular metal.
Superconductingcompounds and alloys must havecomponents which are themselvessuper conducting.
Electrostriction occursdue to piezoelectricity which in thereverse effect i.e. the production of polarization on application of mechanical stress if the lattice has nocentre of symmetry.
When an electric fieldis applied to a substance it becomespolarized, the electrons and nucleiassume new geometric positions andthe mechanical dimensions of thesubstance are altered.
by measuring the Hall-effect voltage, one can determine:(a) The strength of the filed in terms of the current, or(b) The current in terms of the fields
In the case of a semi-conductor, the mobility of the carrierscan be determined by using (b), solong as only one kindofcarrier ispresent.
In an ac dynamometertype wattmeter the instantaneous valueof developed deflecting torque isproportional to the product of voltageand current in the respective coils atthe corresponding instant, the constantof proportionality being the same as inthe case of dc use.
The moving system of themeter is prevented by its inertiafrom following the variations inthedeflecting torque which takes placeduring each cycle, andtakes up apositioncorresponding to the averagevalue of the torque.
Electrostatic Wattmeteris not widely used commerciallybecause ofits inability to measurepower of high value.
It is used mainly forvery small power measurement at highvoltages and low power factors.