ZUIHITSU-RANDOM NOTES ABOUT JUDO BY RONALD DÉSORMEAUX
Judo Ron 74 - Defying Newton’s third law of action-reaction
The first principle of judo being “Seiryoku Zenyo” or the intelligent use of energy was crafted byJigoro Kano after considering an older expression used in Ju Jutsu which read “Ju Yoku go oSeisu and which can be translated to “softness controls hardness”
The founder of Judo explained his interpretation of the “JU” principle with the use of someunits of power or energy that reads along the following lines: When facing an opponentpossessing a power of 10 who is about to strike and if you only have a power value of 7 to facehim, you are sure to be overcome if you try to resist on equal footing. However, if one is able toadjust, adapt or pull back, he will be able to momentarily deflect the impact produced in thedirection of the attack. Soon thereafter, if one combines the incoming force with his own, then,it will be possible to overcome the attack, make the aggressor lose his balance and defeat himwith the application of a selected technique. This is somewhat a simple statement, yet, itencloses many physical factors worth studying.In this essay, I will try to bring some complementary explanations which should suggest how wecan best apply the above to defy or challenge the application of the law of action and reaction.
Basic understanding of Action-Reaction
Let us first outline Newton’s third law that proclaims: “
To every action there is always opposed an equal reaction: or the mutual actions of two bodies upon each other are always equal, and directed to contrary parts.
By this statement, we understand that whenever an object is drawn or pushed by another, it isalso drawn or pressed by the other object. As such, if we press a pencil with our finger, thelatter is also pressed by the pencil. Similarly, if a horse pulls upon an object tied to a rope, theanimal will be equally drawn back towards the object keeping in mind that the expanded ropewill stretch or relax depending on the action being exercised by the two distanced subjects.It is also relevant to note that if a body moves towards an impact point upon another object; itsforces of impact will change the relative status of the receiving object. The moving element willalso undergo some changes based upon the speed of its displacement (gain in momentum) andthe influencing factors occurring in the surrounding environment to the objects. (Types of surfaces, resistance factors). When the two bodies meet, the force of impact can be expectedto be of equal importance for both as long as there is no additional interference by a third forcethat may modify the contact point or surface.