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Judo-Ron 74-Defying Newton's Third Law

# Judo-Ron 74-Defying Newton's Third Law

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The application of the principle of suppleness in judo to anticipate and manage the actions of the opponent and their impact upon the receiver thus ensuring an intelligent use of energy to overcome a dangerous situation.
The application of the principle of suppleness in judo to anticipate and manage the actions of the opponent and their impact upon the receiver thus ensuring an intelligent use of energy to overcome a dangerous situation.

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10/19/2013

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ZUIHITSU-RANDOM NOTES ABOUT JUDO BY RONALD DÉSORMEAUX

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Judo Ron 74 - Defying Newton’s third law of action-reaction
The first principle of judo being “Seiryoku Zenyo” or the intelligent use of energy was crafted byJigoro Kano after considering an older expression used in Ju Jutsu which read “Ju Yoku go oSeisu and which can be translated to “softness controls hardness”
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The founder of Judo explained his interpretation of the “JU” principle with the use of someunits of power or energy that reads along the following lines: When facing an opponentpossessing a power of 10 who is about to strike and if you only have a power value of 7 to facehim, you are sure to be overcome if you try to resist on equal footing. However, if one is able toadjust, adapt or pull back, he will be able to momentarily deflect the impact produced in thedirection of the attack. Soon thereafter, if one combines the incoming force with his own, then,it will be possible to overcome the attack, make the aggressor lose his balance and defeat himwith the application of a selected technique. This is somewhat a simple statement, yet, itencloses many physical factors worth studying.In this essay, I will try to bring some complementary explanations which should suggest how wecan best apply the above to defy or challenge the application of the law of action and reaction.
Basic understanding of Action-Reaction
Let us first outline Newton’s third law that proclaims: “
To every action there is always opposed an equal reaction: or the mutual actions of two bodies upon each other are always equal, and directed to contrary parts.
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By this statement, we understand that whenever an object is drawn or pushed by another, it isalso drawn or pressed by the other object. As such, if we press a pencil with our finger, thelatter is also pressed by the pencil. Similarly, if a horse pulls upon an object tied to a rope, theanimal will be equally drawn back towards the object keeping in mind that the expanded ropewill stretch or relax depending on the action being exercised by the two distanced subjects.It is also relevant to note that if a body moves towards an impact point upon another object; itsforces of impact will change the relative status of the receiving object. The moving element willalso undergo some changes based upon the speed of its displacement (gain in momentum) andthe influencing factors occurring in the surrounding environment to the objects. (Types of surfaces, resistance factors). When the two bodies meet, the force of impact can be expectedto be of equal importance for both as long as there is no additional interference by a third forcethat may modify the contact point or surface.

ZUIHITSU-RANDOM NOTES ABOUT JUDO BY RONALD DÉSORMEAUX

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The third law is often misinterpreted by many. It is principally concerned with the relationshipbetween two objects: The Action and Reaction are applied on a continuum between thedifferent objects and as such, they do not cancel each other. When two bodies interact, theyexert equal and opposite force on each other. Anytime an object applies a force to anotherobject, there is an equal and opposite force returning towards the original object. If you pushon a wall you will feel a force against your hand. The wall although immobile, is also pushingback on your hand with as much force as you are applying against it.
If this wasn't happening
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your hand would go through the wall! This leads us to the principle of least resistance orsuppleness. (JU)Intelligent use of Energy
For our own purpose, we shall call the JU, a phenomenon of absorption, “Energy Efficiency” and“Energy Management”. This is because in judo we are mainly concerned with saving our energyfor a greater and intelligent expenditure of it by making optimal usage of all our natural bodycomponents. Let us further define “Energy Efficiency” as
using less energy to obtain the sameresult e.g., making the IPPON. (The judo victory score)
In the last decade, judoka all over the world who had for their goals, a place on the highestpodium, have made greater emphasis to build their body mass, add new muscle power andimprove their technical skills for speedier responses. The development of larger muscle massdemands lots of efforts and repeated exercises. This is sometime accomplished to thedetriment of making greater coordinated use of their other energy sources or potentials. Assuch, they hoped to produce maximum energy to confront and overcome an opponent. Onemay assume that a more massive judoka will perform like a moving object and develop a largermomentum and make a greater impact when he adds the required speed. The bigger judokawill likely attain greater momentum than a smaller one when both are moving in the samedirection because the bigger person has more mass. However, a smaller person can producemore momentum if he is able to slow down the action of the larger judoka by other meansother than offering a predetermined resistance platform.

ZUIHITSU-RANDOM NOTES ABOUT JUDO BY RONALD DÉSORMEAUX

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Recent training approaches
It is only recently, as part of the judo renaissance program, that specialized teachers andcoaches began to address the philosophical significance of the intelligent use of energy as wasintended by the founder. Many training centers are now focusing on offering new ways andmeans for the judoka to better manage and employ their total energy sources. This all-encompassing formula of physical and mental training is aiming to facilitate the judoka’sascension to the podium and at the same time, ensuring that they are better prepared to servesociety when the victory honors have seceded.At the center of this program, we find new and intelligent approaches to maximize the JUprinciples. Already, this new orientation is quickly permeating across different federations.Selected training camps in Europe and abroad are now offering special classes along with themodified Randori practices with more emphasis on suppleness. There, players are offeredadditional periods and situations where they can better manage the use of their energy sourceswhile developing both their flexible thinking abilities along with new technical skills. Thesesessions commensurate with the judoka’s understanding of the relationships between the Hard(GO) and Soft drills (JU) that accompany their intellectual reasoning about improved energymanagement.In our own Canadian dojo, this innovative method should be given serious considerations. Insupport of that approach, it is recommended that knowledgeable sensei regularly take thepulse of their class’s performance level and conduct some evaluations pertaining to the energyconsummation and management as displayed by their students.It is my opinion that those periodic audits are needed to properly assess the different levels of comprehension of the JU principle as expressed by the behavior of the more advancedstudents. As direct outcomes of their observation and analysis, the teacher can better adjustthe delivery of the classes by formulating supplementary practical combat situations where thestudents are exposed to speedier responses demanding better management of their mixedenergy sources. From the soft kumi-kata to the speedy Kake phase, students will be encouragedto diminishing the occurrences of excessive use of force when engaging both into Randori orShiai. It is also important to engage students-teachers into frank discussions about the energy-audits and exchange regularly on data-solutions pertaining to the use of suppleness as thedominant factor towards obtaining the IPPON.