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Topicality Toolbox

Topicality Toolbox

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MSDI Ermo/Kearney LabTopicality V. 1.0 2008
Index
Substantially Definitions...............................................................................................................................................................................................1“Substantially” increased incentives means more....................................................................................................................................................1Increase Definitions.......................................................................................................................................................................................................1Definition of increase...............................................................................................................................................................................................1Wordnet.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................1Definition of increase...............................................................................................................................................................................................1Extending something means increasing it................................................................................................................................................................1Increase does not require pre-existence....................................................................................................................................................................1Increase Definitions: What pre-exists now....................................................................................................................................................................1U.S. Doesn’t have locations for solar panels............................................................................................................................................................1U.S does not have nuclear power .............................................................................................................................................................................1U.S does not have wind energy................................................................................................................................................................................1Incentives exist for wind/biomass but NOT solar ....................................................................................................................................................1Alternative Energy Definitions: Sources.......................................................................................................................................................................1List of several...........................................................................................................................................................................................................1Alternative Energy News Source..............................................................................................................................................................................1Alt Energy means not oil or nuclear .........................................................................................................................................................................1The University of Utah (an accredited state university, No date given, “Alternative Energy Sources”, online:http://home.utah.edu/~ptt25660/tran.html, acc: 06/30/08).......................................................................................................................................1Alternative energy is non-fossil fuel.........................................................................................................................................................................1DOE 2008.................................................................................................................................................................................................................1alternative energy......................................................................................................................................................................................................1fossil fuels.................................................................................................................................................................................................................1Alternative Energy excludes nuclear, coal, natural gas, and coal.............................................................................................................................1Alternative Energy excludes nuclear, coal, natural gas and nuclear power ..............................................................................................................1Alternative energy means not fossil fuel or fission (fusion is topical).....................................................................................................................1Alternative Energy Definitions: Conservation..............................................................................................................................................................1Conservation is a form of alternative energy............................................................................................................................................................1Conservation is an alternative energy.......................................................................................................................................................................1Peak Oil News..........................................................................................................................................................................................................1Conservation, while being a potential precursor, is distinctly different then an alternative energy.........................................................................1Conservation is NOT alternative energy..................................................................................................................................................................1Alternative Energy Definitions: Green..........................................................................................................................................................................1Alternative energy means no environmental harm...................................................................................................................................................1Webster's...................................................................................................................................................................................................................1Alt Energy Means not electricity..............................................................................................................................................................................1Alternative energy means clean energy....................................................................................................................................................................1Alt Energy is cleaner than oil...................................................................................................................................................................................1 New Alternatives Fund.............................................................................................................................................................................................1Incentives Definitions....................................................................................................................................................................................................1Incentives include the fear of punishment................................................................................................................................................................1American Heritage....................................................................................................................................................................................................1Incentive means positive, not deterrence..................................................................................................................................................................1WordNet....................................................................................................................................................................................................................1Incentives are not Voluntary.....................................................................................................................................................................................1Incentive = must lead to action.................................................................................................................................................................................1Purpose is increasing output.....................................................................................................................................................................................1Must expect the outcome..........................................................................................................................................................................................1Purpose is investment and output: must target producers........................................................................................................................................1Oxford.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................1Includes carbon tax and tradeable permits...............................................................................................................................................................1Dictionary of Energy, 2006.......................................................................................................................................................................................1Incentives diff. from regulations – freedom of choice - Incentives mean having the freedom to chose while regulations result in penalties........1Incentives Definitions....................................................................................................................................................................................................1Incentive means tax credit........................................................................................................................................................................................1Incentives means grants, R&D, and voluntary.........................................................................................................................................................1Incentive means taxes/trading/subsidies but not regulations or voluntary...............................................................................................................1Incentive excludes command and control regulations..............................................................................................................................................1Incentive means something otherwise prescribed by legislation..............................................................................................................................1In Definitions.................................................................................................................................................................................................................1In...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................1Random House.........................................................................................................................................................................................................1In...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................1American Heritage....................................................................................................................................................................................................1Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially increase alternative energy incentives in the United States.
1
 
MSDI Ermo/Kearney LabTopicality V. 1.0 2008
Incentive vs. Motive Topicality.....................................................................................................................................................................................2Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially increase alternative energy incentives in the United States.
2
 
MSDI Ermo/Kearney LabTopicality V. 1.0 2008
Substantially Definitions
Substantial is situational
Words and Phrases, Vol. 40, 1995, p. 458 (State v. Rose)
The term 'substantially' is relative and must be considered within the context of the particular fact situation; inessence, it means less than totally or the whole, but more than imaginary.
No fixed substantial numbers
Words and Phrases, Vol. 40, 1964, p. 821, (Burnet v Bank ).'Substantially all' within statute permitting consolidated income return by affiliated corporations does not mean afixed percentage, and must be construed according to particular facts.
“Substantially” increased incentives means a full shift from fossil fuels
Michael
Hoexter
, renewable energy and energy efficiency advocate, 05/28/
08
,http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/author?id=40, 6/30/08Despite renewable energy's overall favorable image in the mind of the public, these current policy instrumentsconsider substantially increasing incentives is by a cut in usage. A tax credit, especially one that is applicable largelyto corporate entities, or another cut usage, is not substantially at all. Basically, it is not enough to be substantial. Is a"backdoor" way to get government assistance; tax credits are government expenses without a specific budget line or earmark. The average voter, even if he or she understands something about the issue, is going to have limitedsympathy for the recipients of institutional tax credits. What would be substantial is to completely obliterate theconsumption of oil and switch to renewables.
Substantial means without material qualification
http://www.aoc.state.nc.us/www/public/coa/opinions/1999/980989-1.htm NO. COA98-989NORTH CAROLINACOURT OF APPEALS Filed: 5 October 1999 STATE OF NORTH
CAROLINA v
. MICHAEL SCOTT
PARISI 1999
For the New York offense of driving while ability impaired to qualify as "substantially equivalent" to the NorthCarolina offense of driving while under the influence of an impairing substance, the respective statutes need not beidentical in each and every respect. Substantially is defined as "[e]ssentially; without material qualification[.]"Black's Law Dictionary 1428 (6th ed. 1990). Equivalent is defined as "[e]qual in value, force, measure[.]" Black'sLaw Dictionary 541 (6th ed. 1990). Other jurisdictions have discussed what constitutes a "substantially equivalent"offense. See State v. Oliver, 720 A.2d 1001, 1004 (N.J. Super. A.D. 1998) (criminal conduct underlying prioconviction "qualitatively similar to defendant's conduct in the instant case and, therefore, [the prior conviction] was'substantially equivalent[]'"); O'Neill v. State, 661 So.2d 1265, 1268 (Fla. App. 5 Dist. 1995) (in order to qualify assubstantially similar, the South Carolina statute need not "mirror" the Florida statute; "[t]he out-of-stateconvictionneed only be 'substantially similar' . . . in elements and penalties[]").
Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially increase alternative energy incentives in the United States.
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