Chapter 1: Introduction
Biodiesel is one of the available alternative fuels in the market. It isderived from biomass, which is one of the sources of renewable energy.Coconut oil is one of the sources of biodiesel and of all the other sources, itwould be best in tropical countries such as here in the Philippines wherecoconut tree is one the primary native crops.The blending of coco-biodiesel in diesel fuel became mandatory whenthe Biofuels Act of 2006 (also known as Republic Act 9367) was signed intolaw by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on January 2007. The said actwas initiated by Senator Mirriam Defensor-Santiago, who also authored andsponsored the Biofuels Law. The said law requires bioethanol content of allgasoline sold in the country to be increased to at least ten percent (10%) bythe fourth year of the law’s effectivity. On the other hand, diesel fuels sold inthe country will be required to have at least one percent (1%) blend of biofuelupon the effectivity of the law, which will be later increased up to two percent(2%) after the second year.
This thesis aims to provide the readers with a better understanding of one of the latest innovations in the fuel industry, which is the development of coco-biodiesel. It intends to inform people with the current issues regarding