Health and diseases
World Health Organization of United nation established in 1945.According to WHO (1948) "Health" is a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely an absenceof disease or infirmity. So health can be defined as,"A state of body when all the organs and systems are functioning properly and a perfect balance is maintained between theenvironment and the body."
Types of diseases
1. Congenital diseases:-A. diseases caused by gene mutation like hemophilia , co lour blindness , sickle cell anemia etc.B. diseases caused by chromosomal aberrations like various typesof syndromes etc.2. Acquired diseases :- this diseases occur after birth any time inlife of a person. This are not inheritable .a. communicable diseases – This diseases are transmitted from aninfected person to healthy person depending upon thecausative agents, this diseases are also of various types like bacterial diseases , protozoa diseases , viral diseases,helminth diseases, fungal diseases , ricketsial diseases etc.These are also of various types like tuberculosis, cholera ,malaria, sleeping sickness , kalazar ring warm ,Diphtheria , tetanus, typhoid ,etc are various examples of communicable diseases .
Modes of transmission
A. Communicable diseasescontagious and non-contagious diseases-These diseases transmit from infected person to healthy personfrom birth or through air, water or food.B. Non communicable diseases communicable diseases- 1.Mostlytheses diseases are deficiency diseases caused by thedeficiency of nutrients or hormones.