ScientiaHorticulturae 61 (1995) 285-290
Response of three sweet pepper cultivars to Biozymeunder unheated plastic house conditions
Sayed Fathey El-Sayed
Vegetable Crops Department, Faculty ofAgriculture, Cairo University,Cairo, Egypt
Accepted2 1 September 1994
Two experiments were carried out in an unheated plastic house to study the response ofthree pepper
cultivars, i.e. ‘Blemont’, ‘Domino’ and ‘Atol’, to Bio-zyme, applied at 0, 1 and 2 ml 1-i at flower initiation followed by two sprays at an intervalof
Biozyme is an extract of vegetable origin that contains, in ppm, 32.2 indole-acetic acid (WA), 32.2 GAS, 83.2 zeatin, 4900 Fe, 1200 Mn, 3000 B, 3700 Zn, 1400 Mgand 4400 S. Results indicated that ‘Blemont’ was the best cultivar regarding the numberof early and total fruits, weight of total yield, while cv. ‘Atol’ gave the highest values ofearly yield, average fruit weight, and ascorbic acid in fruits. Two millilitres of Biozymegave the best results with regard to height and weight of plants, number and weight of totalfruits, and ascorbic acid in fruits. However, the highest average of fruit weight was pro-duced by 1 ml Biozyme. Generally, Biozyme significantly increased early yield comparedwith untreated plants with no significant differences between the two concentrations used.
Biozyme;Cultivars;Pepper; Unheated plastichouse
In Egypt, sweet
is grown in plastic houses forearly production during the period from December to April for export and con-sumption.
These plastic houses are simple and do not have environmental con-trol. Fluctuations in temperature and humidity are therefore large and frequentlyextend beyond the suitable range for plant growth and fruit set and development.The average minimum and maximum temperatures of 199
1992 and 1992- 1993measured in unheated plastic house were 9.8”C and 28.2”C in December, 7.7”Cand 24.7”C in January, 9.1 “C and 28.1 “C in March, respectively. It was previ-
03044238/95/$09.50 0 1995
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