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Hydraulic Symbols

Hydraulic Symbols

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Published by Bharathprabhu

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Published by: Bharathprabhu on Jun 01, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/29/2013

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35
Symbols and Tables
HZ.00.A2.02
q=Displacement:cm
3
n =Revolutions :min
-1
p = Pressure:bar
p= Pressure drop:barQ=Oil capacity:l/min = dm
3
 /minv= Speed:m/sL= Length:mD= Piston diameter:mmd= Piston rod diameter:mmD
i
= Bore of pipe:mmD
h
=Hydraulic diameter:mmA= Area:cm
2
a= Ring area:cm
2
t= Time:s.m= Volume:kgF= Force:daNM= Torque:NmP= Power:kWA
s
=Break load:daNE= Elasticity module:kp/cm
2
I= Free column length:mS=Safety factorv=Kinematic viscosity: mm
2
 /s
η
v= Volumetric efficiency
η
m= Mechanical efficiency
η
t= Total efficiency
λ
= Resistance figureV
ac
= Accumulator sizeV
x
= Required oil capacity available in accumulatorP
1
= Lowest oil pressureP
2
= Highest oil pressureP
0
= Pre-charge
Ratio factors:
Power1 kw= 1,36Hp1Hp= 75 kpm/s= 0,736 kwTorque1 kpm= 9,81 Nm= 7,233 lbf ft1 Nm= 0,102 kpmPressure1 kp/cm
2
= 98.000 Pa= 0,981 bar= 9,81 N/cm
2
= 14,22 psi1 psi= 0,06895 bar= 0,0703 kp/cm
2
1 bar= 1,0194 kp/cm
2
Volume1 US, gallon= 3,785 liter1 Eng. gallon= 4,546 liter1 in
3
= 16,38 cm
3
1 liter= 1,0 dm3Area1 in
2
= 645,2 mm
2
1 foot
2
= 92900 mm
2
Speed1 km/h= 0,2778 m/s1 foot/s= 0,3048 m/s1 mile/h= 0,447 m/sAcceleration1 foot/s
2
= 0,3048 m/s
2
Length1 in= 25,4 mm1 foot= 0,3048 m1 yd= 0,9144 m
Pump:
Q
×
pPower consumption N
an
= [kW]600
× η
tq
×
n
× η
vSupplied oil capacity Q= [l/min]1000q
×
pInput torque M = [Nm]62,8
× η
m
Motor:
q
×
nOil consumption Q =[l/min]1000
× η
vq
× ∆
p
× η
mOutput torque M =[Nm]62,8Q
× ∆
p
× η
tOutput power N =[kW]600Q
× η
v
×
1000Speed n =[min
-1
]q
Cylinder:
Compressive force F =p
×
A
× η
m [daN]Tensile force F =p
×
a
× η
m [daN]Q
× η
vSpeed out v =[m/s]6
×
AQ
× η
vSpeed in v =[kW]6
×
aOil consumption out Q =A
×
v
×
6[l/min]2
v
Oil consumption in Q =a
×
v
×
6[l/min]2
v
Compressive forcewith differential F=P
×
(A- a)
× η
m [daN]cut-in
Tube:
Q
×
100Flow speed v =[m/s]6
×
D
2
×
0,785Pressure loads in
λ ×
L
×
0,89
×
v
2
×
5straight pipe leads
p = [bar]D
i
640,316Resistance number:
λ
=
λ
turb. =R
e
4
R
e
v
×
D
h
×
1000Reynolds number R
e
=v
Accumulator size:
P
1
V
x
×
P
0
With slow charging and slow discharging V
ac
=P
1
1-P
2
P
1
V
x
×
P
0
With quick charging and quick discharging V
ac
=1P
1
1,51 -P
2
P
2
V
x
×
P
0
With slow charging and quick discharging V
ac
=1P
2
1,5-1P1
 
ISO/CETOP Symbols
36HZ.00.A2.02Reservoir, openReservoir, pressurizedEnclosure for severalcomponents in one unitManometer, ThermometerFlow meterPressure sourceElectromotorCombustion engineCoupling1 Flow directionConstant Variable2 Flow directionsDisplacement pump1 Flow directionConstant Variable2 Flow directionsDisplacement motorWork linePilot lineDrain lineElectric lineFlexible lineLine connectionsCorssing linesVentingPressure connectionw. plugWith line connectionQuick kouplingw. check valveAccumulatorFilterCoolerHeater
 
ISO/CETOP Symbols
37HZ.00.A2.02Constant VariableCombined pump-motorsHydrostatic transmissionShaft, lever, rod, pistonSpringThrottling, depending on viscosityRestriction, not viscosity influencedFlow directionDirection of rotationVariable settingCylindersSingle actingDouble actingDifferential cylinderCylinder with cushionCheck valve, not spring loadedSpring loadedPilot controlled check valvePilot controlled openingPilot controlled closingExampleSimplifiedRestrictor, fixedRestrictor, variableRestrictor, not viscosity influencedThrottle-check valve3-way by-pass flow regulatorFlow divider

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