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The Making of the Modern Police

The Making of the Modern Police

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Leaflet for The Making of the Modern Police, 1780–1914, published by Pickering & CHatto
Leaflet for The Making of the Modern Police, 1780–1914, published by Pickering & CHatto

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Published by: Pickering and Chatto on Aug 14, 2013
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The Making of the Modern Police,1780–1914
General Editor:
Paul Lawrence
 Volume Editors:
Janet Clark 
,
Rosalind Crone
,
Francis Dodsworth
,
Robert M Morris
and
Haia Shpayer-Makov 
Part I:
3 volume set:
c
.1200pp: February 2014978 1 84893 371 2: 234x156mm: £275/$495
Part II:
3 volume set:
c
.1200pp: October 2014978 1 84893 372 9: 234x156mm: £275/$495
 www.pickeringchatto.com/police
The modern professional police force is probably 
one of Britain’s most signicant exports. In little
over a century, Britain went from having a largely amateur and local law enforcement system to thetype of police force we still recognize today. The
rst modern police force of its kind, it has become
the model which has been copies and adaptedacross the world.
This is not a story of unbroken progress. Newer
methods of policing challenged English ideas of liberty and were greeted with distrust. Over timechanging social conditions, particularly with therise of large industrial cities, led to a growingacceptance of the need for new systems of law and order. Eventually the modern police forcecame in to being as part of a broader processof the centralization and professionalization of government during the nineteenth century.Over six themed volumes this edited collectionof pamphlets, government publications, printed
ephemera and manuscript sources looks at thedevelopment of the rst modern police force. It
 will be of interest to social and political historians,criminologists and those interested in thedevelopment of the detective novel in nineteenth-century literature.Contains over 250 primary resources
•
More than a third of the texts are previously 
•
unpublishedSources include correspondence, pamphlets,
•
parliamentary records, police memoranda and
notebooks, speeches, ybills and memoirs
Texts come from seventeen archives, including
•
the Metropolitan Police Archive and regional
county record ofces
Editorial apparatus includes a general
•
introduction, volume introductions, headnotesand endnotes
 A consolidated index appears in the nal
•
 volume
P
ICKERING &
C
HATTOPUBLISHERS
‘Le policeman à Londres’ from
 L’Illustration
, 2 March 1867© Mary Evans Picture Library 
 
 Archive sources
Berkshire County Record Ofce
Bodleian Library British Library – including the BoothCollection and Manuscripts
British Newspaper Library 
Cambridgeshire Police ArchiveCambridge University Library 
Greater Manchester County RecordOfce
Lancashire ArchivesLewes Area Library Lincolnshire Archives – Horncastle
Police Records
London Metropolitan Archive
Marx Memorial Library – N J
Klugmann CollectionMetropolitan Police Archive
National Archives – including the
Lord Chamberlain’s PapersOpen University Archive
Staffordshire County Record Ofce
 Women’s Library 
 Volume 1: The ‘Idea’ of Policing
Following the Gordon Riots of 1780 Parliament tried to
introduce a ‘police bill’, when their existing resources
 were found to be severely wanting. Fears over the kind
of absolutism seen in France helped fuel debate over
 what form British policing should take.Sources in this volume follow the debates that took placeafter the emergence of the Bow Street Runners underJohn and Henry Fielding, and also include documentsrelating to the controversial work of Patrick Colquhoun,founder of the Thames River Police.
 Volume 2: Reforming the Police inthe Nineteenth Century 
The nineteenth century saw a ve-fold increase in the
population of Britain and a concurrent movement of people from rural to urban living.The old system of local justice needed to be replaced by a more centralized government police force. This
required political agreement and money. Progress was
not smooth and today’s forty-three police forces can beseen as a legacy of the localism that existed at this time.
 Volume 3: Policing the Poor
Controlling the poor was one of the key roles of thenew police force. In the nineteenth century the poorer
classes were often assumed to be the natural and
deserving object of police attention. The link between
crime, poverty and homelessness was a major concernfor the ruling elite. Previous academic debate has
centred on the ruling elite’s use of the police to keepthe emergent labouring classes in check. However, the
documents in this volume show that the relationship between the police and the poor was more complex,including functions that we would now class as ‘welfare’.
 www.pickeringchatto.com/police
 
Editors
Paul Lawrence
is at the Open University 
Janet Clark 
works for the Independent
Police Complaints Commission
Rosalind Crone
,
Francis Dodsworth
and
Robert M Morris
are at the OpenUniversity 
 Haia Shpayer-Makov 
is at the University of Haifa
 Volume 4: Policing Entertainment
 With changing urban environments and populationgrowth, traditional leisure activities came increasingly under police scrutiny. But the police were not alwayshostile to forms of popular leisure. As the century woreon policing was used as much to protect these pastimesas to regulate them.
This volume deals with four specic aspects of popular
entertainment: outdoor amusements (includingtravelling showmen and fairs), sport (from informalgames and bloodsports through to football matches andgambling), public houses and the theatre.
 Volume 5: Policing Public Order andPolitics
Prior to the nineteenth century, matters of publicorder had been largely the responsibility of the militia.Despite the riots of 1780 and the civic unrest thatpreceeded its formation, the police force was notconceived as a crowd control mechanism.The police came to hold primary responsibility for
political surveillance and the keeping of public order.
Key instances of disorder are covered in this volume,including the disturbances at Queen Caroline’s funeral,the Chartist protests of the 1840s, the policing of theGreat Exhibition, the London riots of the 1880s andthe charges of brutality levelled at the policing of theSuffragettes.
 Volume 6: The Development of Detective Policing
The Metropolitan Police was founded in 1829. It was not
until 1842 that a detective department was establishedat Scotland Yard as a reaction to public dissatisfaction with crime levels. Starting from humble origins with astaff of just eight men, detectives came to be a pivotalpart of the criminal justice system. As detective
numbers increased, so too did their prole. This
attention was sometimes unwanted, particularly whenmass corruption was uncovered in the late 1870s and
again when the police failed to catch Jack the Ripper.However, despite these setbacks detective policing
 became popular with newspapers and the public atlarge.
Full contents can be found at www.pickeringchatto.com/police
‘Wrong in the Mayne. The complete success with which Sir
Richard closed the park against all the people –
 who didn’t force their way in’,
 Fun
, Vol. X old series, Vol. III new series, 4 August, 1866
© The British Library Board (P.P.5273.c)
 www.pickeringchatto.com/police

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