184.108.40.206/26 and the mask is 255.255.255.19213.What type of ICMP message is sent when a datagram TTL reaches zero?What for?ICMP Time Exceeded to warn the sender about the problem (ie traceroute)14.What type of traffic sends a computer running
command?[ARP] + [DNS] + (ICMP) + UDP; ARP and DNS are optional, ICMP is received15.What is the size in bits of an IPv6 address?128 bits16.How does IPv6 handle fragmentation?Fragmentation by routers is not allowed in IPv617.What information is needed at each node to perform the calculations of alink-state routing algorithm? The cost of all the links (aka link-state) is needed at each router18.On a Distance Vector routing algorithm, what are the
of thecost matrix
are connected by a link of cost
19.What is the result we obtain from running Dijkstra algorithm on a graph? The collection of the best routes from a node to the rest of the nodes20.What is the metric used by RIP protocol? The number of hops (each edge cost is one)21.What routing algorithm is used by OSPF protocol?OSPF uses a link-state algorithm22.How can you obtain your computer's forwarding table?
)23.What is the purpose of BGP protocol? To route traffic between autonomous systems (AS)24.What is broadcast routing? Name one algorithm for broadcast routing. To send (a copy of) a packet to all network nodes. Flooding can do that.25.A computer's address is 220.127.116.11/26, what is the broadcast address?18.104.22.16826.List three of the services offered by the Link Layer.Framing, Error Control, Flow Control27.What is a NIC? What does it do?