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# Project Work Add Math 2009

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07/14/2010

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First of all, I would like to say Alhamdulillah, for giving me thestrength and health to do this project work.Not forgotten my parents for providing everything, such asmoney, to buy anything that are related to this project work and theiradvise, which is the most needed for this project. Internet, books,computers and all that. They also supported me and encouraged me tocomplete this task so that I will not procrastinate in doing it.Then I would like to thank my teacher, Mdm Rosmeela for guiding me andmy friends throughout this project. We had some difficulties in doing thistask, but she taught us patiently until we knew what to do. She tried andtried to teach us until we understand what we supposed to do with theproject work.Last but not least, my friends who were doing this project with meand sharing our ideas. They were helpful that when we combined anddiscussed together, we had this task done.

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The aims of carrying out this project work are:i.

to apply and adapt a variety of problem-solving strategies tosolve problems;ii.

to improve thinking skills;iii.

to promote effective mathematical communication;iv.

to develop mathematical knowledge through problem solvingin a way that increases students’ interest and confidence;v.

to use the language of mathematics to express mathematicalideas precisely;vi.

to provide learning environment that stimulates and enhanceseffective learning;vii.

to develop positive attitude towards mathematics.

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Pi or
π
is a mathematical constant whose value is the ratio of any circle'scircumference to its diameter in Euclidean space; this is the same value as theratio of a circle's area to the square of its radius. It is approximately equal to3.14159 in the usual decimal notation (see the table for its representation insome other bases).
π
is one of the most important mathematical and physicalconstants: many formulae from mathematics, science, and engineering involve
π
.[1]
π
is an irrational number, which means that its value cannot be expressed exactlyas a fraction m/n, where m and n are integers. Consequently, its decimalrepresentation never ends or repeats. It is also a transcendental number, whichmeans that no finite sequence of algebraic operations on integers (powers, roots,sums, etc.) can be equal to its value; proving this was a late achievement inmathematical history and a significant result of 19th century Germanmathematics. Throughout the history of mathematics, there has been much effortto determine
π
more accurately and to understand its nature; fascination with thenumber has even carried over into non-mathematical culture.The Greek letter
π
, often spelled out pi in text, was adopted for the number fromthe Greek word for perimeter "
περίµετρος
", first by William Jones in 1707, andpopularized by Leonhard Euler in 1737.[2] The constant is occasionally alsoreferred to as the circular constant, Archimedes' constant (not to be confusedwith an Archimedes number), or Ludolph's number (from a Germanmathematician whose efforts to calculate more of its digits became famous).