Understanding Corruption Generically
: Modelling of Economies in Transition (MODEST) 2008 Workshop (at PolishOperational and Systems Research Society), September 19
, 2008, Warsaw
: Owsinski, J.W., Nahorski, Z., Szapiro, T., (eds), Badania operacyjne i systemowe:decyzje, gospodarka, kapita ludzki i jako. Series: Badania Systemowe, volume 64. Published bythe Systems Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw 2008Maurice Yollesprof.email@example.comCentre for the Creation of Coherent Change and Knowledge
There appears to be a significant awareness that dealing with corruption is essential for the healthof socials no matter what their political, social or economic nature. This paper uses the paradigmof knowledge cybernetics to develop a generic theory of corruption that stems from theconnection between ideology and ethics. It shows that political, economic and social dimensionsof activity can all contribute to processes of corruption when a complexity of ideological/ethicalinterconnections becomes pathological - i.e., when the connections become severed corruptionsets in. The ultimate need is to create a typology that relates the failure in some connections andthe nature of the corruption that arises. This could in turn lead to a better understanding of therise of certain forms of corruption and a better recognition of how to deal with them.
Corruption, social pathology, knowledge cybernetics, ideology, ethics, pathologies.
Transparency International undertakes corruption surveys in an attempt to determine the degreeof perceived corruption that various nation states have In general in the 2007 evaluation of corruption the traditional Western countries score relatively well (e,g., Denmark=9.4, UK=8.4)on a score of (0,1), Asian (e.g., China=3.5, Thailand=3.3) and then African (e.g., Central AfricanRepublic=2.0, Congo, Democratic Republic=1.9) countries tend to score relatively poorly. Theworst countries tend to be ones that have gone through major turmoil or are despotic (e.g.,Iraq=1.5, Myanmar=1.4). The EECC countries in transition, having recently come out of a greatdeal of turmoil, tend to score relatively poorly. This for instance Slovenia=6.6, Estonia=6.5,Czech Republic=5.2, Hungary=5.3, Poland=4.2, Bulgaria=4.1, Romania=3.7, Georgia=3.4,Bosnia and Herzegovina=3.3, Montenegro=3.3, Ukraine=2.7, and Russia=2.3, Uzbekistan=1.7.While these indices are indicative of what may be seen as particular categories of normativeperception of corruption (because of the way that they are measured), it does dive the question:what is the cause of corruption, and how does it develop?According to Pope (2000), the founder of Transparency International, corruption poses a threatnot only to the environment, human rights, democratic institutions and fundamental rights andfreedoms, but it is also detrimental to development and to the alleviation of poverty.