An acid and base are of opposite polarities and therefore, they neutralize each other. Acid and bases reactwith other substances in a caustic manner. Also, when it comes to chemical interaction, acids function as proton donators while bases function as proton acceptors.Both acids and bases may be classified as weak or strong. In the case of weak acids and bases, theconjugate result is strong but the weak acid or base does not dissociate properly in water. However, strongacids and bases manage almost complete dissociation in water though their conjugate acid or base isweak.As regards physical properties, acids are sour in taste and can burn or destroy substances they come incontact with. They leave a stinging effect on mucous membranes. Bases, on the other hand, taste bitter and have a soapy or slippery texture. Both acids and bases can be dangerous to the human body if of ahigh pH value. pH value of an Acid is lower than 7 and the pH value of a Base is higher than 7. Freshlydistilled water has a pH value of 7.
ACIDS AND BASESAcids
acetic acid food preservation and preparation, when in solution with water it is known as vinegar acetylsalicylicacid pain relief, fever relief, to reduce inflammation, known as aspirinascorbic acid antioxidant, vitamin, also called vitamin CCarbonic acid carbonated drinks, involved in cave stalactite and stalagmite formation and acid rainHydrochloricaciddigestion as gastric juice in stomach, to clean steal in a process known as pickling,commonly called muriatic acidnitric acid to make fertilizers, colorless, yet yellow when exposed to light phosphoric acidto make detergents, fertilizers and soft drinks, slightly sour but pleasant taste, detergentscontaining phosphates cause water pollutionsulfuric acidcar batteries, to manufacture fertilizers, and other chemicals, dehydrating agent, causes burns by removing water from cells
aluminumhydroxidecolor-fast fabrics, antacid, water purification, sticky gel that collects suspended clay anddirt particles on its surfacecalciumhydroxideleather-making, mortar and plaster, lessen acidity of soil, called caustic limemagnesiumhydroxidelaxative, antacid, called milk of magnesia when in water sodiumhydroxideto make soap, oven cleaner, drain cleaner, textiles, paper, called lye and caustic soda;generates heat (exothermic) when combined with water, reacts with metals to formhydrogenammoniacleaners, fertilizer, to make rayon and nylon, irritating odor that is damaging to nasal passages and lungs
TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS
Direct Combination or Synthesis Reaction
In a synthesis reaction two or more chemical species combine to form a more complex product.