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Force and Physics

Force and Physics

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Force and Physics
Force and Physics

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Published by: Dan Alexis Morco Arinzana on Aug 15, 2013
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PHYSICSPhysics
(fromGreek 
υσική (
πιστήμη), i.e. "knowledge, science of nature", from υύσις,
 physis
,i.e. "nature"
)is a part of natural philosophyand anatural sciencethat involves the study of matter 
 and itsmotionthrough space and time, along with related concepts such as energyandforce.
 More broadly, it is the general analysis of nature,conducted in order to understand how theuniverse behaves.
 Physics is one of the oldestacademic disciplines,perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of astronomy.
 Over the last two millennia, physics was a part of natural philosophy along withchemistry,certain branches of mathematics,andbiology,but during theScientific Revolutionin the 17th century, thenatural sciencesemerged as unique research programs in their own right.
 Physics intersects with manyinterdisciplinaryareas of research, such asbiophysicsandquantum chemistry,and the boundaries of physics are notrigidly defined.New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms of other sciences, while opening new avenues of researchin areas such as mathematics and philosophy.Physics also makes significant contributions through advances in newtechnologiesthat arisefrom theoretical breakthroughs. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetismor nuclear physicsled directly to the development of new products which have dramaticallytransformed modern-day society, such astelevision,computers,domestic appliances,andnuclear  weapons;advances inthermodynamicsled to the development of industrialization;and advances inmechanicsinspired the development of calculus. 
FORCE
force
is any influence that causes anobjectto undergo a certain change, either concerning its movement, direction, or geometrical construction. It is measured in theSI unitof newtonsand represented by the symbol
F  
. In other words, a force can cause an object withmassto change itsvelocity(which includes to begin moving from astate of rest), i.e., toaccelerate,or  a flexible object todeform,or both. Force can also be described by intuitive concepts such as a push or a pull. A force has bothmagnitudeanddirection,making it avector quantity.
KINDS OF FORCESGravitational Force
 Gravitation is the agent which gives weight to objects with mass and causes them to fall on theground when dropped. Generally speaking, gravitation causes the dispersed matter in theuniverse to come together. It is the gravitational force that helps the earth and other planets tostay in their respective orbits around the sun. Gravitational force is also responsible for keepingthe moon revolving around the earth, for tidal formations, for natural form of convection andinnumerable other minor and major phenomena observed in our day-to-day living. While Isaac Newton defined gravity as a force that attracts all objects to each other, Albert Einstein used thegeneral theory of relativity to explain the concept of gravity. He described that gravitationalforce was the consequence of the curvature of space-time, which, in turn, governs the motion of inertial objects.

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