Human immunodeficiency virus infection
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Some bodily fluids, such as saliva and tears, do not transmit HIV.
Prevention of HIV infection, primarily throughsafe sexandneedle-exchange programs,is a key strategy
to control the spread of the disease. There is no cure or vaccine;however,antiretroviral treatmentcan
slow the course of the disease and may lead to a near-normal life expectancy. While antiretroviraltreatment reduces the risk of death and complications from the disease, these medications are expensiveand may be associated with side effects.Genetic researchindicates that HIV originated in west-central Africa during the early twentieth century.
was identified in the early part of the decade.
Since its discovery, AIDS hascaused nearly 30 million deaths (as of 2009).
As of 2010, approximately 34 million people are livingwith HIV globally.
a disease outbreak which is present over a largearea and is actively spreading.
HIV-Positive without Symptoms
Many people who are HIV-positive do not havesymptomsof HIV infection.
Often people only begin tofeel sick when they progress toward
AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome)
. Sometimes people living with HIV go through periods of being sick and then feel fine.While the virus itself can sometimes cause people to feel sick, most of the severe symptoms and illnessesof HIV disease come from the
that attack a damaged
. It isimportant to remember that some symptoms of HIV infection are similar to symptoms of many other common illnesses, such as the flu, or respiratory or gastrointestinal infections.
Early Stages of HIV: Signs and Symptoms
after exposure to HIV (but up to
3 months later
), people can experience an acute
illness, often described as “the worst flu ever.” This is called
acute retroviral syndrome (ARS)
primary HIV infection
, and it’s the body’s natural response to HIV infection. During primary HIV infection, there