SOUTHEAST ASIAN MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
, late 19th centuryIndiaWood, ivory, metalThis small sitar has a body made of bent strips of wood. The strips are bent to forma bowl resonator that resembles the shape of small sitars that use ostrich eggs forthe resonating champer.
, 1997Made by Murari AdhikariCalcutta, IndiaTeak, ebony, metal, bone, various materialsThis sitar with seven melody and thirteen sympathetic strings was made in 1997 byMurari Adhikari, son of Nityananda Adhikari, an early twentieth-century innovatorof sitar construction. Murari continued to incorporate his father's improvements,which included elaborate engraving and carving, rounded frets, a concave neck,changes in bridge design, and adjustments that produce an even tone from high tolow.
, 19th centuryIndiaWood, pearl, ivoryRichly decorated musical instruments such as this sursanga were often given asgifts and used for display or wall decorations. This instrument is painted in theMysore style and the belly depicts both Ganesha and Sarasvati.
, 20th centuryIndiaGourd, wood, bone, ivory, steelThis tambura has a round, bowl-shaped resonator made of wood. Inlaid on its bellyin ivory is a seven-pointed star radiating from a circle that surrounds the image of agod that could be a depiction of Rama. To each side is a peacock and a small tree.At the top of the pegblock, above the frontal peg, is an image of the goddess Shiva.
, 20th centuryIndiaWood, leather, tuning pasteThe mrdangam is a conical barrel-shaped drum with the larger head approximatelyone and a half times the size of the smaller head. The drum is typically tuned to thetonic of the music, with the larger head tuned an octave lower than the smallerhead. The mrdangam is primarily found in South India, where it serves as arhythmic accompaniment in Karnatak music.