St. Camillus College of Manaoag
Brgy. Licsi Manaoag, PangasinanReggie B. Manzano
CONTINENTS AND COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD
is a large continuous mass of land. On the world map or globe one could see the sixmajor landmasses. These are the six continents of the world. They are, from the largest to the smallest,Eurasia (composed of Asia and Europe), Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, and Australia.North America and Eurasia are both in the Northern Hemisphere while South America, Australia andAntarctica are in the Southern Hemisphere. On the other hand, Africa spreads both in the Northern andSouthern Hemispheres. The six continents together with the islands associated with them cover about148 million square kilometers (57 million square miles). These big landmasses cover about one-fourth of
the Earth’s surface.
Each of the continents is composed of countries with its own population except for Antarctica inthe South Pole. Central America is not a continent. However, it has a number of countries whichapparently connects the continents of North and South America. It also includes the islands of theCaribbean region. On the other hand, Oceania is introduced as a region. It includes the states andcountries of Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia as well as other territories and islands.
is the world’s largest continental region. Oftentimes, it is considered a separate continent
from Europe, though physically, if you look at a globe or map, Asia and Europe lie on just one big mass of land. Asia covers about one-
third of the Earth’s land s
urface. The entire region lies mostly in theNorthern Hemisphere and is separated from Europe by the Ural Mountains lying to the northwest. Thesouthwestern borders are the Caucasus Mountains and the highlands of Turkey; on the south are theRed Sea and Indian Ocean; on the east is the Pacific Ocean; and on the north is the Arctic region. Boththe highest and the lowest points on Earth are found in Asia. Mount Everest, the highest point above sealevel, soars to about 8,848 meters in the Himalayan Range. On the other hand, the Dead Sea, the lowestpoint, is about 400 meters below sea level. Asia is not only the largest, but also the most populous
landmass on Earth. It is the home of about 60% of the Earth’s population.
, the other part of the
Eurasian continent, covers seven percent (7%) of the Earth’s
surface. It is less than one-fourth the size of Asia, but is slightly larger than United States. If oneexamines closely a globe or a map, it can be observed that Europe appears to be just an appendage of Asia. However, it is more often considered a separate continent from Asia because of its uniquedevelopment culturally, historically, and politically. The region is bounded by the Arctic Ocean on theNorth, by the Atlantic Ocean on the West, by the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea on the South,and the by the Ural Mountains on the East. The Ural Mountains separate Europe from Asia. The entirearea lies in the Middle and High Latitudes. It has no tropical parts though some portions of theMediterranean exhibit subtropical conditions of climate. Almost all countries in Europe have access tothe sea except for a few like Switzerland, Luxembourg, Austria, Hungary, and Romania. Europe has richagricultural and industrial resources. The major cities in the world like London, Paris, Berlin, Rome,Madrid, and Moscow are in Europe.