When a piece of soft tissue becomes trapped between two pieces of bone.
What is it?
Impingement is when soft tissue becomes pinched between the bones in a joint. In the ankle, there are two main types of impingement: anterior (in thefront of the ankle) and posterior (in the back of the ankle).
is usually caused by damaged ligaments (often theresult of repeated sprains). Torn or damaged ligaments become thickenedand get trapped between the tibia (shin bone) and the talus (central bone inthe ankle) when the foot is pulled upwards.Repeated injuries can also cause the ankle bones to form small projectionscalled bone spurs. These can get caught in the soft tissue between the boneswhen the foot is pulled upwards. This condition is also known as footballer'sankle.
is usually caused by a small bone called the ostrigonum becoming trapped between the soft tissue between the tibia (shinbone) and the top of the heelbone. Ballet dancers, who go up on pointed toesregularly, are very likely to suffer from this condition.Posterior impingement can also be the result of ankle sprains: if the ankle isunstable due to slack or torn ligaments, the heelbone and the tibia can slipand trap soft tissue in between them, causing pain when the foot is pointeddownwards.