CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FOUR GOSPELSBY R. S. Storrs.I. THE EW TESTAMET.The term ew Testament unquestionably proceeds from the institution of the Lord's Sup-per. The Lord designates the Eucharist the ew Covenant in his blood, in the strict senseof the term. The writings which record the foundation of this new and eternal covenant arethemselves called the ew Covenant, the ew Testament. This designation, also, indicatesthe connection and the contrast between these writings and those of the Old Covenant. Theuniversal character of the ew or Christian Covenant as compared with the old or Jewish isindicated by the language in which each is expressed. The Greek of the ew Testament wasthe universal language of the civilized world, while the Hebrew of the Old was tbe peculiardialect of the chosen race. Lange.The ew Testament begins with the person of Christ, the facts of his manifestation in theflesh, and the words he gave from his Father ; and accustoms us by degrees to behold Lisglory, to discern the drift of his teaching, and to expect the consequences of his work. Itpasses on to his body the Church, and opens tbe dispensation of the Spirit, and carries us intothe life of his people, down into the secret places of their hearts ; and there translates theannouncements of God into the experiences of man, and discovers a conversation in heavenand a life with Christ in God. It works out practical applications, is careful in the details of duty, provides for diflSculties and perplexities, suggests the order of churches, and throws upbarriers against the wiles of the devil. It shows us things to come, the course of the spiritualconflict, the close of this transient scene, the coming of the Lord, the resurrection of the dead,the eternal judgment, the new creation, and the life everlasting. T. D. Bernard.The ew Testament consists of twenty-seven books, which may be thus classified : 1. TheFive Histoeical Books ; namely, the Four Gospels, and the Acts of the Apostles. 2. TheFourteen Epistles of Paul ; namely, Ten addressed to eight Churches, and Four to threeindividuals — Philemon, Timothy, and Titus. 3. The Seven General Epistles ; the Secondand Third of John, though addressed to individuals, being 'placed as appendices to the First.4. The Revelation of John, though in the form of an Epistle to the Seven Churches of Asia, isrightly placed in a class by itself, as the one great prophetical book of the ew Testament. S.The unanimity of Christendom on the twenty-seven books of its sacred code is permanent,universal, unalterable, and not less firm than that of the Jews for their canon. It is even aunanimity still more astonishing ; since that which we wonder at in this family of Israel,which has always kept its sacred oracles free from every mixture through thirty-four centu-ries, this very marvel we have here to admire in all the families of the nations, which equallypreserve the ew Testament in the midst of their most ardent disputes and their profoundestdivisions ; which preserve it in the most uncultivated churches, notwithstanding their igno-rance ; in the most idolatrous, notwithstanding their traditions, as in the most rationalistic,notwithstanding their infidel literature and all the wanderings of their teachers. It is a una-nimity, we may say, the more striking that it is only on this one point. It is a wonderfuland manifestly providential fact, that, on this point alone, there can be found nowhere in the8 TEE FOURFOLD GOSPEL.documents of history any account of public constraint, any collective action of counsels, anyprescription of emperors — although from the fourth century they meddled with everythingelse in the church — in a word, not an act of human authority which was intended to imposeon the churches the acceptance of a sacred code, or to force any individual conscience to admitinto the canon a single one of the twenty-seven books now constituting the ew Testament. An.