at least $6 million acc. to Craig Unger’s
House of Bush, House of Saud
(2004)]:“Come! Please. Sit with me. You are myshield!” (85-86) Zinni’s view of SaudiArabia as benevolent monarchy (87-89).Confused lines of authority in U.S.policymaking (89-91). Problem of military organization and service rivalries(91-95). Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986(95-96). Cheney, Aspin, Perry, Cohen assecretaries of defense (96-98).
Ch. 5: The Invisible Front Line of Central Asia.
Zinni promotesengagement with the “‘stans’ of CentralAsia” ― Pakistan, Uzbekistan,Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan (99-104).Oil reserves; terrorism (105-08). Humanrights; debate whether to engage or toisolate authoritarian regimes (108-09).Pakistan (109-14). Sanctioned, but “thePentagon found a quiet way to maintainrelations . . . By 1993, Special OperationsCommand had essentially created itsown separate foreign policy track” (110-11). After Musharraf’s coup and Clinton’sprotest, Musharraf calls Zinni (112-13).CinCs’ overseas “engagement programs”hidden from Congress (114-15). Zinni:“We [CinCs] already have [politicalauthority]” (115). Fourteen-day May2000 visit to Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan (115-17). Zinni finds lackof U.S. “leadership” (117-18).
Ch. 6: Inside the Wire with SpecialForces.
Visit to Camp Bondsteel inKosovo in Nov. 2001 (121-22). Specialforces culture (122-23). Rick Turcotte, Team 055 sergeant (123-25). Armyorganization: A-team (10-12 men),Operational Detachment Bravo (5 A-teams & HQ), Operational DetachmentCharlie (3 Bravos & HQ), Special ForcesGroups or SFGs (3 Charlies + supportgroup company + HQ = approx. 1,380men); also, there are OperationalDetachment Delta, the covert “DeltaForce” units (126). 1
SFG works inPacific Command [its 2
battalionsare based at Fort Lewis], 3
SFG in Africaexc. Eastern Horn, 5
SFG in CentralCommand, 7
SFG in Central and S.America, 10
SFG in Central & E. Europe,Balkans, Turkey, Israel, & Lebanon, and19
SFGs are reserve groups(126). SFGs are staffed and trainedunder U.S. Army Special ForcesCommand at Fort Bragg, but aredeployed as assets of regional CinCs(126). Navy (SEAL units) and Air Forcealso have specialized special forces units;together, all SF units are called SpecialOperations Forces (SOF); the Marines,exempt from the 1986 legislation thatcreated U.S. Special OperationsCommand, maintain “forward-deployedSpecial Operations Capable MarineExpeditionary Units” (127). Training andmission (127-29). Alpha-male culture(129-35). Origins of special forces;Vietnam (135-38). Delta Force (138-39).Nunn-Cohen amendment to 1986Goldwater-Nichols Act elevated specialoperations to its own joint command(139). SOFs are now “the unofficial fifthservice,” with a classified budget, civilianoversight conducted by an asst.secretary of defense, and self-determinedforce structure, funding requirements,equipment procurement, training, anddeployment (139). Panama, Gulf War,Somalia (139-40).
Ch. 7: A-Teams in Afghanistan.
Account of Team 555 of Army’s 5
SFG inAfghanistan. Rendez-vous with “Hal” and“Phil,” CIA paramilitary operatives (142,148-49). “UW,” or unconventionalwarfare (154-55). “Terminology game”permits civilian targeting (155-58; 163). TSC-93 satellite terminal (159). Technology
warfaredistinguished from technology
Sgt. Mike Murray (160). Team595’s sergeant: “The problem we haveas soldiers is we don’t make policy”(161). Unity-of-command doctrinecontroverted (165). Team 574; bombing