also called a or . It is used by gaffers (electricians) and called a . Thespring-loaded clamp has serrations along the edges and resembles the jaws of an alligator.
A station that broadcasts with an amplitude-modulated signal. An AM signal is a long,direct radio wave that travels the earth's surface, whereas a frequency-modulated (FM) signal is astraight broadcast signal that travels only as far as the horizon.
American Federation of Television and Radio Artists (AFTRA):
An AFL-CIO union of broadcastingworkers. Headquartered in New York, near the offices of the major networks, it is the primaryorganization of broadcast talent, with 30 locals. Performers who appear in TV and radiocommercials are required to be members of this union and/or other unions. However,spokespersons and others who are retained by public relations practitioners for talk shows andother radio and TV programs are not required to be union members, since they are generally notpaid for their services. The acronym, AFTRA, is pronounced af-tra.
American Women in Radio and Television (AWRT):
An association in Washington, DC, of womenwho work in all areas of broadcasting.
amplitude modulation (AM):
The encoding of a carrier wave (such as the sound waves or audiosignals of a radio station) by variation of its amplitude, or power (not its frequency).
A method of data storage and transmission by continuous or wavelike signals of pulses of varying (greater or lesser) intensity; in contrast to digital transmission (on or off).
The key narrator of a newscast or other program; also called anchorman or anchorwoman.Two or more individuals sharing these functions are co-anchors. A local anchor works at a localstation; a network anchor, at a network. Specialized newscasters include sports anchor, weatheranchor, and weekend anchor. A field anchor reports from a studio outside the studio headquarters.
A "rough" of a TV commercial, resembling an animated cartoon, produced on film orvideotape from drawings that show the stages in the storyboard.
The process of creating static figures that appear to move and seem alive, such ascut-outs or puppets filmed a frame at a time, each slightly different in a sequence.
An artist who produces animation drawings, or the person in charge of an animationproduction.
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