conservation is about safeguarding environments so animals can liveundisturbed.Until very recently the law did not protect wild animals from cruelty.The Wild Mammals Protection Act which came into effect on 30 April 1997protects wild mammals (though not birds or fish) from acts of cruelty suchas kicking, beating, stoning or drowning.However there are a number of exceptions. For example, if ananimal is injured as a result of lawful hunting, shooting, coursing or pestcontrol activity, and is then killed swiftly and humanely, this is not illegal.Because the Act has only recently come into effect, it may be some timebefore the courts interpret sections of it.
Turtles in Trouble
Turtles have been on the earth for 200 million years! There areseven species, or kinds, of sea turtles. All are endangered.
Protecting wildlife and countryside areas
There is a wide range of areas which are defined for their scientificinterest, their importance for plant or wildlife, or for their habitats.The National Trust, Wildlife Trusts, English Nature, the CountrysideCommission, the European Commission and local authorities are some of the organisations responsible for establishing them.
It is estimated that there are between 13 and 14 million differentspecies on earth and only about 1.75 million have been scientificallydescribed. Scientists and environmentalists are concerned at the increasingnumber of species in danger of extinction. It is not just rare animals whichare threatened. Species of butterflies, frogs, toads, newts, snakes andinsects are all in decline.
Annual RSPB Garden Birdwatch
The Big Garden Birdwatch takes place at the end of January everyyear. The Birdwatch continues to inspire hundreds of thousands of peopleto watch the birds their gardens and local parks. Approximately 6 millionbirds are recorded and 210,000 gardens surveyed.
Born Free FoundationRoyal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
According to the RSPCA 750 million farm animals are reared in theUK each year. The huge demand for meat, eggs and dairy products hasencouraged farmers to use intensive methods of farming. Usually thismeans animals are kept in a limited space with little opportunity to roamoutside and look for their own food. Although there are governmentregulations on the conditions in which animals are raised, transported andslaughtered, many people feel they do not go far enough.To promote best practice in caring for farm animals, the RSPCAhelped launch and now monitors the Freedom Food mark. If you see thismark on a food wrapper or packet it means the RSPCA believes theanimals were properly cared for throughout their lives. According to the