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Lectures on First Peter Chapter Three

Lectures on First Peter Chapter Three

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Lecture XVII.

Lecture XVII.

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Published by: GLENN DALE PEASE on Aug 17, 2013
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LECTURES O FIRST PETER CHAPTER THREETHE REV. JOH LILLIE, D.D.,Lecture XVII. — Chapter 3:1-7. 187is rather evaded, than fairly met, by limiting the result, ashas sometimes been done, to such a preliminary conciliationof the unbelieving husband, as will secure for the Gospel acalmer and less prejudiced hearing. The better and morecommon solution is suggested by a peculiarity of the originalphraseology, w^hich might be represented thus : ' that, even if some disobey the word, they may ivitJioict ivord* be won bythe behavior of the wives ; ' that is, without word of yours,whether in the way of remonstrance, or argument, or exhorta-tion, or entreaty.And this interpretation, you will notice, is confirmed bywhat follows : ' beholding^ your chaste behavior,' your untaint-ed purity of life and conversation, so different from what theyare used to see in heathen families around, and yet leading tono assumption of superior airs on your part, but, on the con-trary, 'joined with fear',X or a sincere respect and reverencefor their own persons and authority.It is clear, therefore, that the Apostle would have thesewomen seek to influence their husbands rather through theeye than the ear — by the daily appeal of what an old Greek commentator calls ' voiceless work,' which, says he, is ' strong-er than unworking speech.' § Or, as the same idea is ex-pressed by the great English dramatist :' The silence often of pure innocencePersuades, when speaking fails.' ||And to the same effect our text goes on to intimate, thatsuch a spirit and deportment as is here enjoined on Christianwives is, indeed, by far their best and richest adornment.' WJiose be'** — so the 3d and 4th verses might be rendered ;* avev ?^6yov. Bengel : ' priore loco dcnotatur evangelium : deinde, loquela : ' Inthe first instance the Gospel is meant ; in the second, talk.' The antanaclasishas long been recognized. Thus, the Syx'iac^zvit/iout t?-oiible ; as if reading avevKonov.
t hno-KTEvaavTE^, (Sin. : hTzoizTevovTec.)X T/)v sv <pJi3if) uyvf/v uvaaTpo(l>7iv. Comp. the <l>o(3^Tat of Eph. 5 : 33.§ CEcumenius : u(l)uvov tpyov, Kpetaaov urrpaKT.ov Xoyov.II Shakespeare, Winter''s Tale, ii. 2.** uv laTu. The ordinary construction, which governs wv by Koa/ioQ, and sup-plies another Kocfiog to 6 e^wi^ev, is not that most readily suggested by the Greek arrangement. or is there any good reason for subverting the natural order.1 88 Lectures on the First Epistle of Peter.or, And let yours be* — ' uot\ the otttzvard adorning of plaitiiigof hair,X a}id ivcaring of gold,% or putting on of garments,^but the Jddden man of the heart, in the incorruptibleness of themeek and quiet spirit,** which is in the sight of God of greatprice! With this compare Paul's very similar words to Timo-thy,tt which we can scarcely doubt our Apostle had in hiseye : ' I will . , . that women adorn themselves in modest ' — orderly, decorous Jij: — 'apparel, with shamefacedness §§ andsobriety; not with braided hair' — literally, wc*/ in plaits\\^ — ' and *** gold, or pearls, or costly raiment,ttf but, which be-cometh women professing godliness, by |$$ good works.'ow, I certainly need not caution you against supposing,that either of these passages was designed to encourage asordid meanness or careless slovenliness in female attire.But it were also to mistake their spirit, to regard them evenas forbidding any particular style of dress or of ornamentwhatsoever, consistent with the modesty of nature, and, ac-cording to the usages of society, befitting the position andcircumstances of the wearer. What both Apostles meant tocondemn was that excessive care about such matters — thatundue absorption of mind and heart, time and substance, inthe business of mere bodily decoration — which is said to havebeen in all ages the easily besetting sin of female vanity. ItThe exegesis given above, though rejected by De Wette's Gefiihl, and Wiesinger,as ' too abstract and flat,' rests on the familiar use of tlid with the genitive, (comp.Matt. 5 : 3, 10 ; Acts i : 7, etc.,) and is adopted by Cocceius, Bengel, Hensler,Steiger, Huther, and others. — Alford governs wvby a Koafiog supplied from the
one expressed.* The immediate antecedent being i/iwv.1" The demonstrative pronoun of the English version is copied from Beza.X IfinTioK^c Totxuv. — For rpix^Jv, Kai Lachmann reads ?/, (C.) — nepi'deaig,i/i-Tv?.oK?j, EvSvaic, are not found elsewhere in the ew Testament.■§ AfP^<^''"^> articles of gold. || i/uaTiuv.** Ev Tu u(j>'&dpTii) Tov npaioc Kal rjavxi-ov nvev/iaroc, (Sin. : ev u0i?. tovngaeuc7/crvxiov TTV.) Lachmann reads ijavxiov koI npaEOC.tt I Tim. 2 : 9, 10. J| kog/xlc).§§ According to the genuine form of the word in the older English versions,and in the original edition of the common version. ']| II tv nXtyfiaaiv.*** Alford : ' Perhaps from the /cat, the gold is supposed to be twined among,or worn with, the plaited hair.'ttt i/j,aTia/i(f>. }lt Jtci.Lecture XVII. — Chapter 3 : 1-7. 189is, indeed, a pitiable folly and shame for any woman to dressbeyond her means, or so as to have little or nothing left forhelping forward the cause of God or man in this world of sinand suffering, and this perhaps with the secret purpose of giving others the impression, that her means are greater thanthey are. But, be her means what they may, it is none theless a somewhat sorry occupation for a creature endowedwith a reasonable soul, and called to inherit eternal life, tospend a large part of her brief existence on earth in watchingthe caprices of fashion, and tricking out in gold and feathersand such like gewgaws what Scripture calls that ' body of ourhumiliation,' which must so soon ' say to corruption. Thou artmy father : to the worm, Thou art my mother and my sister.'*And yet I fear the case is by no means an uncommon one.ay, would it be too great boldness for me to venture to ask,

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