EFs for Mining
Mining operations can be considered as series of unit operations (eg dragline operations, shovel operations, truck haulage of materials). This spreadsheet provides emission factor estimations and default emissionfactors for emissions of both TSP and PM10 from general mining. The emission factor estimations should be used where site-specific data such as silt and moisture content is available. Otherwise, the defaultemission factors can be used.This spreadsheet contains three sheets, started by 'Introduction' and sequentially followed by sheets 'EF Estimations&Defaults' and at the end 'ER Inventory'.To estimate emission factors in sheet 'EF Estimations&Defaults', user needs to supply their own site specific data. If these data are not available, user may use default factors provided by USEPA with consequency of less accuracy or less representative.And to estimate emission rates (ERs) in sheet 'ER Inventory', user needs to supply activity rate for each operations/activities in their mines.When using emission factors, you should be aware of the associated Emission Factor Rating (EFR) code and what that rating implies. An A or B rating indicates a greater degree of certainty than a D or E rating. Theless certainty, the more likely that a given emission factor for a specific source or category is not representative of the source type.The EFR system is as follows:A - ExcellentB - Above AverageC - AverageD - Below AverageE - PoorU - Unrated (reflects the limited amount of research)
All emission factor estimations and default emission factors are for uncontrolled emissions.
Reference:Background Report AP-42 from USEPA
Prepared by: Muhamad Nizar