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EFs for Mining

EFs for Mining

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Published by nizar ahmad
This spreadsheet is used to estimate dust emissions (TSP and PM10) from Mining Activities/Operations. Available as online spreadsheet at http://calcol.ucoz.com.
This spreadsheet is used to estimate dust emissions (TSP and PM10) from Mining Activities/Operations. Available as online spreadsheet at http://calcol.ucoz.com.

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Published by: nizar ahmad on Jun 04, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 EFs for Mining
Mining operations can be considered as series of unit operations (eg dragline operations, shovel operations, truck haulage of materials). This spreadsheet provides emission factor estimations and default emissionfactors for emissions of both TSP and PM10 from general mining. The emission factor estimations should be used where site-specific data such as silt and moisture content is available. Otherwise, the defaultemission factors can be used.This spreadsheet contains three sheets, started by 'Introduction' and sequentially followed by sheets 'EF Estimations&Defaults' and at the end 'ER Inventory'.To estimate emission factors in sheet 'EF Estimations&Defaults', user needs to supply their own site specific data. If these data are not available, user may use default factors provided by USEPA with consequency of less accuracy or less representative.And to estimate emission rates (ERs) in sheet 'ER Inventory', user needs to supply activity rate for each operations/activities in their mines.When using emission factors, you should be aware of the associated Emission Factor Rating (EFR) code and what that rating implies. An A or B rating indicates a greater degree of certainty than a D or E rating. Theless certainty, the more likely that a given emission factor for a specific source or category is not representative of the source type.The EFR system is as follows:A - ExcellentB - Above AverageC - AverageD - Below AverageE - PoorU - Unrated (reflects the limited amount of research)
 All emission factor estimations and default emission factors are for uncontrolled emissions.
Reference:Background Report AP-42 from USEPA
 Prepared by: Muhamad Nizar
Operation/Activity Input Data TSP EF PM10 EF Default Default Units EF(Read below for information) TSP EFPM10EF Rating
Draglines d120.057484162 0.0101751440.06 0.026kg/bcm B M2Loading Overbuden U3.60.002245926 0.0010622620.025 0.012kg/t C M2Loading Coal M80.01430836 0.0068790190.029 0.014kg/t C Buldozing Coal s7101.9651198 32.50384647102 32.5kg/h B M2.5Buldozing other s1016.73533282 4.07414914217 4kg/h B than coal M2UnloadingOverbuden U3.60.002245926 0.0010622620.012 0.0043kg/t M2Unloading Coal M80.01430836 0.0068790190.01 0.0042kg/t Drilling0.59 0.31kg/hole BBlasting A1344 178.88 kg/blast CM1D1Topsoil Removal s101.643586487 0.5292696911.64 0.53kg/VKT A by Scraper W48Wheel Generated s103.881182842 0.9625138133.88 0.96kg/VKT Dust from Unpaved W48Road M2Use of Graders S10.0034 0.0034 kg/VKT BWind erosion from s151.920212766 0.9601063830.4 0.2kg/ha/h stockpile p80f30
1. Input data in yellow cells 2. Calculated data are in light green cells 
High Moisture Content Ores Low Mositure Content Ores Units EFOperation/ActivityDefault Default Default Default(peractivity)RatingTSP EF PM10 EF TSP EF PM10 EF
Primary crushing0.01 0.004 0.2 0.02kg/t CSecondarycrushing0.03 0.012 0.6 No Datakg/t DTertiary crushing0.03 0.01 1.4 0.08kg/t EDry grinding withair14.4 13 14.4 13kg/t Cconveying orclassificationDry grindingwithout1.2 0.16 1.2 0.16kg/t Dair conveying orclassificationDrying (allmaterials9.8 5.9 9.8 5.9kg/t Cexcept titanium/ zirconium sands)Handling,transferring0.005 0.002 0.06 0.03kg/t Cand conveyingincluding wheelandbucket reclaimers(except bauxite)
d = drop distance in metres; M = moisture content in %; U = mean wind speed in m/s; A = area blasted in m2; D = depth of blast holes in metres; VKT = vehicle kilometres travelled; A suitable surrogate for calculating vehicle kilometres travelled (VKT) emissions may be to determine the fuel consumption in various items of equipment. Using typical fuel efficiencies, it should then be possible to determine total VKT.s = silt content in %; W = vehicle gross mass in tonnes; S = mean vehicle speed in km/h; L= road surface silt loading in g/m2; bcm = bank cubic metres; t = tonne; f = percentage of time that wind speed is greater than 5.4 m/s at the mean height of the stockpile p = number of days when rainfall is greater than (0.25 mm)

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